Weekly newsletter

The weekly newsletter from 02 to 8th of september 2021

Egypt

The Egyptian Parliament and Human Rights: Its Speaker Discovers the importance of Women Empowerment on the International Agenda, and the Deputy of its Human Rights Committee still has not discovered the term “irregular migration”

The summary of the Egyptian parliament’s relationship with human rights could be concluded and highlighted by this week’s observations. The Speaker of the Parliament discovered that the issue of women’s empowerment is a non-marginal issue on the international agenda. He also elaborated on the efforts of the international community and empowering women, even though he was presenting that intervention before the international community itself! Also, the Undersecretary of the Human Rights Committee still did not discover the term irregular immigration. He is even proud to cite the security approach before the head of the mission of the International Organization for Migration of the United Nations in Egypt.

Counselor Dr. Hanafi Jebali, Speaker of the House of Representatives, delivered a speech on the issue of gender equality, at the outset of the Fifth World Conference of Speakers of Parliament, held in the Austrian capital Vienna, during which he stressed that the issue of women’s empowerment is no longer a marginal issue on the international agenda, as women are an essential pillar and an authentic partner in achieving sustainable development, noting that the international community has engaged in intensive and tireless efforts to consolidate the culture of empowering women globally, in the sense that would allow for full exploitation if women’s efforts. He also explained the Egyptian state’s efforts to empower women at all political and economic levels.

On the other hand, Deputy and Undersecretary of the Human Rights Committee in the House of Representatives, Ayman Abul-Ela, stated that no one can bid on the Egyptian state’s position on the issue of combating illegal immigration, as he put it, meaning (irregular migration) in light of its comprehensive efforts to achieve sustainable development for all its citizens, and that after its security success in stopping its flows about 4 years ago, he confirmed that the House of Representatives, in its first legislative term, issued the necessary legislation regarding confronting irregular migration, and intensifying the necessary penalties for confrontation, so that the legislative environment would be a deterrent to all those responsible for this crime. Besides, he stressed that the Egyptian state has paid attention decisively to this file, and it has achieved great developments, and no one is bidding its position regarding it. This came during Abu El-Ela’s speech in a meeting of the Human Rights Committee in the House of Representatives and Laurent de Boeck head of the mission of the International Organization for Migration of the United Nations in Egypt at the headquarters of the Committee in the House of Representatives, to review what has been done by the Egyptian authorities and besiege and eliminate the phenomenon of irregular migration.

Continuing the methodology of excluding civil society and community participation to address women’s issues

Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly decided to establish a unit to protect women from violence, which is responsible for providing accommodation and legal, psychological and social support for victims, affiliated with the Council of Ministers and including in its membership representatives of a number of ministries as well as the National Councils for Women, Motherhood and Childhood. According to the Prime Minister’s decision, the new unit is called the Combined Unit To Protect Women From Violence. It is based in Greater Cairo (Cairo, Giza, Qalyubia), and it can establish branches in various governorates. It is headed by a supervisor appointed by the Prime Minister, and includes in its membership representatives from the ministries: Justice, Interior, Health and Population, and Social Solidarity, as well as representatives from the Public Prosecution Office, the National Council for Women, and the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood.

As indicated by the decision, the executive authority is still ignoring civil society and women’s and human rights organizations from consultation, discussion and suggestion in such decisions. Although this step can be considered good and promising by the executive authority, there are still many clarifications and interpretations that the authority is required to conduct. It is worth noting that the Ministry of Interior established a unit in 2014 to carry out the same tasks within police stations, but it has not yet been activated.

رئيس الوزراء مصطفى مدبولي
Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly

Activists in Egypt this week: Hossam Bahgat’s trial begins amid international and internal fears, Mona Seif resorts to the Public Prosecutor to protect her rights, and calls for the president to release Ahmed Doma

The First Cairo Economic Court postponed the first hearing of the trial of the director of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, Hossam Bahgat, to next November 2, in case No. 1592 of 2021 economic misdemeanour, in which he is accused of insulting the National Elections Authority. What the lawyer, Hoda Nasrallah, one of the team members said, during the session, the guard prevented journalists from entering the court’s headquarters, while he allowed the representatives of the embassies of Ireland, France, England, the United States, Australia and Canada to enter, but before the start of the session they were ordered to leave.

It is worth noting that the Public Prosecution referred Bahgat to trial after one investigative session, last June, accused of three charges: insulting the National Elections Authority on Facebook and Twitter, spreading false news and rumours on Facebook and Twitter alleging that the authority falsified the Parliamentary elections in 2020, in addition to creating and managing two accounts on Facebook and Twitter with the intent of committing the two crimes.

Bahgat said in the tweet published on last December 25 that: The President of the Elections Authority, Lashin Ibrahim, managed and assumed responsibility for the worst legislative elections in Egypt, and the most fraudulent since 2010 and perhaps since 1995! The final results were announced in mid-December, and he created a custom-made parliament. After less than two weeks he fell ill and died today. Condolences to his family and lessons to the rest.

During the investigation, Hossam apologized to the counsel’s family if he had caused them any feelings of anger, taking into account the human dimension of the case, but he insisted before the prosecution on his right to criticize and comment on the performance of the elections.

After the investigation with Bahjat, the US State Department spokesman announced, in a press conference at the white house that his government explained to the Egyptian government its strong belief that individuals such as the Executive Director of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, Hossam Bahgat, should not be targeted for peacefully expressing their views.

Activist Mona Seif also submitted a warning to the Public Prosecutor, Counselor Hamada El-Sawy, at the New Cairo Court, asking him to assume his responsibilities as a public prosecutor representing the people in protecting rights, and to investigate a number of complaints, which she had previously filed regarding various violations she and members of her family had been subjected to. Mona Seif published a copy of the warning through her personal account on Facebook, which clarified about 12 communications, complaints and telegraphs that her family submitted to the Attorney General from October 2019 to March 2021 to raise the injustice against her brother Alaa Abdel Fattah and her sister Sana Seif, explaining that all these complaint have to be subject to investigation.

Dozens of activists and social media users appealed to the President of the Republic to release political activist Ahmed Doma after spending more than half the period, and the severe deterioration in his health.

An international report reveals the increase in extrajudicial executions in Egypt by the security services since 2015

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were killed in 143 alleged shootouts from January 2015 to December 2020

In a report published by Human Rights Watch, the Egyptian security forces killed dozens of people for allegedly being terrorists, in operations that the organization described as illegal extrajudicial executions. Human Rights Watch called on Egypt’s international partners to halt military aid and arms sales to the country and make them conditional on stopping human rights abuses. The international organization also called for imposing sanctions on the security services and those responsible for these violations.

The report is based on 14 case studies and photographs published by government agencies. Alleged militants killed in supposed clashes with Ministry of Interior forces did not pose an imminent threat to security or other forces when they were killed, and in many cases, these persons appear to have been taken into custody before they were killed.

According to the Human Rights Watch’s report, the Ministry of Interior announced that at least 755 people were killed in 143 alleged shootouts from January 2015 to December 2020, with only one suspect arrested. The organization notes that only 141 of the dead were identified in the ministry’s statements, and noted that all the data claim that the suspects fired first, thus forcing the security forces to return fire. They are all also said to be wanted on terrorism-related charges and alleged ties to the Muslim Brotherhood.

According to the report, Human Rights Watch examined the cases of 14 people, among the 75 people killed in nine of the incidents. Families and acquaintances of all 14 people say they were arrested, likely by National Security, and detained before their deaths were reported. Families usually heard about the deaths from the media, and they all said they were intimidated and harassed while trying to retrieve the bodies of their loved ones. The report said that these killings spread after President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said in June 2015 that ordinary courts and laws were not enough to address violent groups, and demanded  “quick justice”, noting that this statement came after the killing of former attorney general, Hisham Barakat, by gunmen the government linked to the Muslim Brotherhood, in addition to sanctions and a halt to arms sales, Human Rights Watch called on the UN Human Rights Council to establish an independent international mechanism to monitor The human rights situation in Egypt and the investigation of violations.

Epidemiological situation

Dr. Khaled Abdel Ghaffar, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, said that there is complete coordination with the Ministry of Health to vaccinate university students with the Corona vaccine, stressing the need to finish vaccinating students against the new Coronavirus before the beginning of the school year to reduce the chances of infection, ensure the regularity of the educational process, and the return of university life to normal. For his part, Dr. Mohamed Othman Elkhosht, President of Cairo University, confirmed that a plan was developed under his supervision to implement the expanded campaign launched by Cairo University to vaccinate students according to the comprehensive plan set by the university to complete the vaccination of all its employees, noting that the vaccination plan against the Corona virus targets 270 thousand students with points. There are 17 dedicated ports.

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According to the Egyptian Medical Syndicate page, the number of doctors who have died in the fight against the Coronavirus

The Ministry of Health announced that the total number that was registered in Egypt with the Corona virus is 290773, including 243,297 cases that have been cured, and 16,811 diseased.

Tunisia

Legal newsletter

The escalation of smear campaigns and electronic defamation pushes civil and professional organizations to express their concerns

Professional structures in the media sector in Tunisia, human rights organizations and associations called, in a statement on Wednesday, 8 September, to the President of the Republic, Kais Saied as the protector of the constitution, to assume his historical responsibility to intervene and stop the stream of the organized and barbaric attack on journalists, media outlets, activists and human rights defenders.
Considering that it is not possible to build a new and possible Tunisia without professional media and in the service of the public interest in particular and without a free and independent civil society, given that electronic militias have become the real threat to freedom of the press, opinion and expression, the most prominent gain of the Tunisian revolution.
It also expressed its astonishment at the Public Prosecution’s silence about opening an urgent investigation into the cyber stalking campaigns against journalists, media outlets, human rights defenders, activists and trade unionists whose repercussions could be very dangerous on the lives of media professionals at a time when it is hastening to open cases that criminalize freedom of the press, publishing, expression, opinion and thinking. It called on the Supreme Judicial Council to bear full responsibility for the inaction of the Public Prosecution, which rises to the level of complicity.

A military investigative judge issues an arrest warrant against a lawyer

While lawyers and activists considered it a black day in the history of Tunisian legal practice, the first investigative judge at the Permanent Military Court of Tunis issued an arrest warrant against lawyer Mehdi Zagrouba, pending the investigation case related to the storming of Tunis-Carthage International Airport.

In the same context, the National Lawyers’ bar association issued a lengthy statement on September 4, 2021, in which it considered that the issuance of an arrest warrant card against a lawyer before the interrogation and receiving his defence is a violation of the law and an insult to the presumption of innocence and the right of defence.

It also affirmed its refusal to infringe on freedoms and restrictions on violating basic and constitutional rights and freedoms, the first of which is the right of expression and protest, the sanctity of the home, respect for personal data, and not exposing anyone to any risks.

The right of access to information in Tunisia.. 39 new decisions issued by the authority and the presidency violates the law

Radio Mosaique reported on the authority of Tunisia Africa News Agency that the Access to Information Authority published a statement on Thursday announcing the issuance of 39 new decisions in the context of exercising its jurisdiction in the field of access to information.

Thus, the total number of cases that were decided by the commission’s board, until September 2, reached 2,721 cases out of a total of 4,038 that have been published since it began carrying out its duties.

Within the framework of the same right, the Democratic Transition and Human Rights support centre (DAAM)  issued a statement saying that it had appealed to the Presidency of the Republic with a grievance to access the information regarding obtaining all the details of the aid provided during the last period in an accurate manner and the mechanisms adopted for its distribution. The Center did not receive any responses to its demands during the previous period, and with the delay in response, the Center decided to file a grievance at  the Presidency of the Republic offices in accordance with Article 29 of organic Law No. 2016-22 dated March 24, 2016 related to access to information.

However, the center was surprised by a paper annexed to the request asking to return after a month, while the deadlines for responding in the case of a grievance are only 10 days, which means that the legal deadlines have been exceeded, so that the grievance request is rejected even before a decision is made.

Tunisia is the only free country in the Arab region, and the water shortage is at the top of the causes of social protests

According to the annual report issued by the US Freedom House, this year is the fifteenth consecutive year of democratic decline at the global level, or as the report described it as “the long democratic stagnation.”

Also, all Arab countries were included in the list of non-free countries except for 7 countries: Tunisia (free), Morocco, Mauritania, Lebanon, Kuwait and Comoros (partly free).

The report pointed out that elections in this region are rare, falsified, or postponed until further notice.

As for social protests, last August 422 protest movements were recorded, most of them in the north eastern region with 157 protest movements, 48% of which were social followed by economic demands by 27%, according to the coordinator of the Tunisian Social Observatory, Najla Ben Arfa, during a remote press conference held onTuesday September 7, 2021 to present the August report on protests, suicide and violence.

The coordinator of the observatory stated that the roads were the most popular spaces that embraced the protest movements by 37%, followed by the headquarters of ministries and workplaces with 19%, adding that the participants were usually workers (30%,) then habitants by 19%, and finally employees by 17%.

Ben Arfa indicated that the number of protests doubled compared to the same period of the previous year, from the beginning of the year to the end of August, where 8,215 protest movements were recorded during 2021, compared to 4,963 in 2020.

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were recorded, most of them in the north eastern region with 157 protest movements

The case of the Karoui brothers, the Algerian League for the Defence of Human Rights: The Tebessa region’s lawyers’ organization takes an immoral decision

The Lawyers’ Organization of the Tebessa region, in eastern Algeria, prevented any lawyer from volunteering to defend Nabil Karoui, and the head of the Bar Association, Lawyer Boudiar Mohamed, said in press statements, “The organization’s internal law prohibits volunteering in this type of case, and given the sensitivity of the case, and its connection to international political issues, it is currently not The subject of the investigation, which may be transferred outside the jurisdiction of Tebessa, may be discussed.”

The Algerian League for the Defence of Human Rights condemned the move of the Tebessa Bar Association, and the Secretary-General of the Association, Lawyer Said Salihi, said, “The right to defence is a human right guaranteed even to criminals and murderers, the decision taken by the dean of Lawyers on Tebessa is unprofessional, unethical, contrary to the law and the guarantees of the fair trial.”

The first of its kind since the 2011 revolution .. a deputy is on a hunger strike

The Amal and Labour Movement announced the entry of the movement’s leader and member of the frozen parliament, Yassin Ayari, on a hunger strike since this morning inside his cell in Mornaguia prison, after he had met all legal methods in order to lift the grievance against him, according to the text of the statement.

The movement ascribed his entry into the hunger strike “to the new military follow-up that he found himself exposed to in the previous days, the subject to his publications since July 25, and his rejection of all other military actions against Tunisian civilians.”

Political newsletter

Violation of national sovereignty .. the most prominent headlines of the week

This week Tunisia witnessed a decline in political attitudes after the emergence of the issue of receiving the American delegation in the Presidency of the Republic and the calls of parties and organizations to refrain from the calls made by the American delegation and the European Union ambassador to political parties that refused in their entirety to meet him at the American Embassy. ​​This included most of the Tunisian political spectrum to extend from the Free Constitutional Party, that announced in a statement that it had rejected the European invitation to the frozen representative, Thamer Saad, to attend an informal meeting between parliamentarians, politicians and the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Vice-President of the European Committee Josep Borrell, at the residence of the Ambassador of the European Union in Tunisia, out of his belief in the right of the Tunisian people to determine their fate as stated in the text of the statement.

As for the Workers’ Party, last Saturday, it organized a protest in front of the Municipal Theatre in Tunis to express its rejection of the visit of the US Congress delegation to Tunisia, “to review the political situation in the country” as well as express its rejection of this task, as it “constitutes a violation of national sovereignty.”

The party’s Secretary-General, Hamma Hammami, said in a statement to the Tunis Africa news agency, according to Jawhara FM radio, that “while the Ennahdha movement disrupted Tunisia, Kais Saied has no program to save Tunisia.” He considered that “the indicators that we have been seeing for more than a month (i.e. since July 25, 2021), are dangerous ones, as the country continues its path towards sinking and the freedoms gained, we see today under threat.”

What is the content of the statement of the ambassadors of the Group of Seven in Tunisia?

The ambassadors of the Group of Seven in Tunisia issued a statement today, Monday, September 6, 2021, in which they affirmed their continued commitment to the partnership with Tunisia, which is developing the necessary political, social and economic structures in order to respond to the legitimate demands of the Tunisian people to achieve a better standard of living in addition to establishing a governance characterized by integrity, effectiveness and transparency.

They urged a speedy return to a constitutional system in which an elected parliament plays a prominent role, stressing the urgent need to appoint a new prime minister in order to form a government that can address the current crises facing Tunisia on the economic and health fronts, which would pave the way for a comprehensive dialogue on constitutional and electoral reforms proposed.

The ambassadors of the Group of Seven in Tunisia called for a general commitment to respecting the civil, political, social and economic rights of all Tunisians and to respecting the rule of law, considering that the sooner President Kais Saied sets out a clear direction on ways to move forward in a way that responds to the needs of the Tunisian people, the faster Tunisia can focus to address the economic, health and social challenges facing the country.

They affirmed that the Group is committed to maintaining shared democratic values ​​of central importance in our continuing relationships.

In the same context, constitutional law researcher Rabeh Kraifi considered in a blog post on his Facebook that the statement of the ambassadors of the seven countries on Tunisia is the death certificate of the Tunisian political and constitutional systems and support for the July 25 movement.

Kraifi added that the statement did not urge a return to the current constitutional system, but rather to a new constitutional system. Talking about returning to an elected assembly and not the elected parliament is announcing the death of this parliament.

It should also be noted that the post was withdrawn from the page of Mr. Rabeh Kraifi at a later time

Ennahdha Movement: An executive bureau that continues to issue statements, and the smell of internal divisions re-emerges

The Executive Office of the Ennahdha Movement warned that the country has plunged into a state of uncertainty and unclearness since the extraordinary and unconstitutional measures taken by the President of the Republic on July 25, 2021, which he extended on August 23 for an indefinite period.

 

It pointed to the disruption caused by the exceptional measures to the work of the legislative authority and its oversight role, and the country’s survival throughout this time without a government – after the forced closure of their headquarters in Bardo and Kasbah – and without governors in many regions and in the absence of any vision and no date for an exit from this exceptional situation. It added that the risks of absolute and individual governance, considering that this situation deepens the country’s political, economic, social and financial crisis, and disrupts many facilities and transactions from the inside and the outside of the country, therefore affecting its image and status.

It also denounced the assault on many Tunisians of their rights, freedoms and dignity, based on outlaw and unconstitutional instructions, including referring civilians to military courts, imposing house arrest on others, and banning many representatives, businessmen, state officials and other citizens from leaving the country based on their statuses and not according to judicial decisions. It also denounced assaulting media professionals while performing their duties, and the repeated intimidation of the families of wanted representatives

In its communiqué, Ennahdha condemned the actual and symbolic attacks on some state institutions or constitutional bodies, such as the undermining of the judiciary, the attack on the National Anti-Corruption Authority, and the increase in campaigns of incitement, threats and distortion that have become widely practiced in the country.

Libiya

Ambassador Richard Norland and the Libyan Foreign Minister

Al-Manqoush in Tunisia to heal the rift and American talks stress the necessity of holding the elections on their due date

The US embassy in Libya said, in a series of tweets via its official account on Twitter, that Ambassador Richard Norland and Libyan Foreign Minister Najla Al-Manqoush discussed regional diplomacy aimed at implementing the outcomes of the Berlin meeting held on June 23, and the US embassy confirmed that Norland stated, during the meeting held in Tunisia, the need to reduce the foreign military presence and prevent the use of Libya as a platform to destabilize the region. He affirmed the United States’ support for the Libyan elections scheduled for next December, while the Libyan Foreign Minister Al-Manqoush expressed her ministry’s support for the merits, including the participation of Libyans living abroad. The Libyan Foreign Minister confirmed that her ministry has taken all measures and provided all facilities for the Libyan communities residing abroad to register in the vote system in preparation for participating in the upcoming elections. The American ambassador to Libya held a second meeting with the Libyan Embassy coordinator in Tunisia Ali Omar Mzoughi, in which they discussed the issue of the ongoing closure of the Tunisian-Libyan borders.

The meetings come in the context of the visit of a high-ranking Libyan government delegation to Tunisia, headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Najla Al-Manqoush, and including the Minister of Interior, Transportation, the Minister of Labour and Rehabilitation, the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Health, and the delegation accompanying them. This visit aims to heal the rift in the relations between the two countries after misleading information spread about an attempt to reach 100 terrorists in Tunisia, through the Al-Wattia air base occupied by Turkey, as well as the arrest of a Tunisian terrorist who received training in Libya, and his accusation of an alleged assassination attempt on the Tunisian President. The visit also comes to negotiate the opening of border crossings with Tunisia, after the latter closed it indefinitely.

Decisive international rejection of armed clashes in Tripoli and work to postpone the elections

Dabaiba affirmed his respect for institutions and that the House of Representatives is the supreme authority in the country. He pointed out that the failure to approve the budget disrupted many projects. Dabaiba indicated that his government is ready to submit any inquiries about the money spent and aspects of spending, stressing that it allocated 250 million dinars to the Ministry of Government. He stressed that 100 million dinars were allocated to the University of Benghazi, while the Ministry of Communications was allocated 150 million dinars, stressing that the issue of budget increases is due to the differences in the exchange rate of the Libyan dinar, and indicated that 7 billion has been allocated for development to activate the stalled projects, stressing that he will clarify the aspects of spending each Libyan dinar. He expressed his readiness to answer all questions raised by the Libyan House of Representatives, at any time.

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to the Ministry of Government.

This was during the government accountability session held by the Libyan Parliament in Tobruk, in the presence of Dabaiba and his ministers. The session witnessed discussions described as a storm by members of the House of Representatives, who questioned the nature of the session, and whether it was a hearing or accountability, while some Libyan parliamentarians launched an attack on the Council of Ministers Headed by Dabaiba. The Libyan government spokesman Mohamed Hammouda confirmed, in press statements, the arrival of Prime Minister Abdel Hamid Dabaiba to the city of Tobruk, in the east of Libya, to attend the accountability session. The appointment lasted 4 hours, even though it was aware of the many interrogation clauses, and that responding to them needed a long time, which was met with another statement by the Libyan government spokesman, Mohamed Hammouda, in which he confirmed the “astonishment” of the government to postpone the holding of the accountability session by the Representatives, on the pretext that the government arrived late, and despite the parliament’s request to hold it urgently earlier. The government’s spokesman confirmed that in appreciation of the supreme national interest, the national unity government and its president will commit to attending the deferred accountability session, although it delivered all written answers to the questions to the Presidency of the House of Representatives. Libyan sources revealed that Parliament sent interrogation points to Dabaiba, which is required to be answered in the next session. The committee denounced the prime minister’s failure to recognize the role of the Libyan army as a regular military institution, which was the one who fought terrorism, eliminated militias and protected the country, denouncing the failure to name a clear budget for the Libyan National Army.

In the absence of a clear legal framework for the issue of access to information, tension during the parliament session to question the prime minister, and the Defence and National Security Committee is pressing for the nomination of a defence minister

Dabaiba affirmed his respect for institutions and that the House of Representatives is the supreme authority in the country. He pointed out that the failure to approve the budget disrupted many projects. Dabaiba indicated that his government is ready to submit any inquiries about the money spent and aspects of spending, stressing that it allocated 250 million dinars to the Ministry of Government. He stressed that 100 million dinars were allocated to the University of Benghazi, while the Ministry of Communications was allocated 150 million dinars, stressing that the issue of budget increases is due to the differences in the exchange rate of the Libyan dinar, and indicated that 7 billion has been allocated for development to activate the stalled projects, stressing that he will clarify the aspects of spending each Libyan dinar. He expressed his readiness to answer all questions raised by the Libyan House of Representatives, at any time.

The head of the Libyan Presidential Council, Muhammad al-Manfi, also announced the release of the commander of the Muhammad al-Maqrif grou, a leader in the former regime, Major General Naji Harir al-Gaddafi, Muammar Gaddafi, Ahmed bin Ramadan and a number of leaders of the former regime, within the framework of the national reconciliation process sponsored by the President of the Presidential Council.

Epidemiological situation

The World Health Organization announced a decrease in the number of Coronavirus infections in Libya during the month of August, compared to July, coinciding with the increase in laboratory tests in general. The organization said, in its monthly report, that the National Center for Disease Control in Libya conducted 217.9 thousand new laboratory tests in August. The organization added that out of 1.54 million tests in Libya since the outbreak of the pandemic, 308.9 thousand people were confirmed to have been infected, with a low infection rate of 20%, and the World Health Organization indicated that laboratory tests increased by 20%. , compared to July. The increase in the West reached 17%, the South 55%, and the East 212%.

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new laboratory tests in August.

According to the monthly report on Libya, 205.8 thousand tests were conducted in the West, compared to each of the eastern regions (6598 tests), and only 5522 tests in the South. The rate of positive cases decreased last August to 25.5% compared to 32.8% in July.

 The report pointed out that the percentage of positive cases in the west represented 23.8%, while the east of the country increased from 28.7% to 38.3% and in the south from 61% to 70%, which differs notably from the rate of positivity at the Libyan level.

With regard to the latest developments in the spread of the virus in Egypt, Tunisia and Libya :
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