Weekly newsletter

The weekly newsletters : from 07 to October 13

Egypt

In the absence of a law on access to information, the executive authority monopolizes information and carries out its work without pressure despite the rise in fuel prices for the third time this year, after the executive authority extended its control over the legislative and judicial authority, and it now carries out its work without political pressure or internal opposition to its proposed programs And the implemented ones, which in most cases carry out the wishes and visions of the President of the Republic, they always find the appropriate support at the proper time from the state and the media, without harassment or legislative pressures. The policy of deception and offering scapegoats continued to cover up the unfair social policies that the government is carrying out, which was clarified during the crisis of pictures of students sitting on the floor of a classroom, presented the school principal to investigation and dismissed him from his position, and the price of gasoline and fuel continued to rise, which is the third increase during 2021, as The executive authority in Egypt continued to monopolize information as well as information provided to the public, allowing it to question any readings or statistics provided by neutral parties and to claim and rely on results and readings whose source no one knows otherwise. This was clearly demonstrated by the President of the Republic’s statements regarding human rights during his visit to Hungary this week.

Al-Sisi in Hungary, we do not need anyone to tell us human rights standards and the launch of a special site to display public opinion polls and field surveys affiliated with the Information and Adoption Support Center

During his speech at the Visegrad Summit, President Sisi said: Not a single irregular immigration boat left Egypt. We are a leadership that respects its people and we do not need anyone to tell us human rights standards and 65% of Egyptians are young people with hope, and he insisted that the Good Life Program has improved the life of 6 million Egyptians.

The Information and Decision Support Center at the Council of Ministers launched a website dedicated to presenting public opinion polls and field surveys that it conducts and it is entitled, http://popc.idsc.gov.eg , and the center confirmed that this comes within the framework of the government’s keenness to follow the approach of transparency and make available Data and information of all kinds and forms for the citizen, and based on the center’s policy, which aims to make information available in all forms and according to various modern tools and in a way that allows the citizen and the media, different alternatives to access information as a right guaranteed to all.

Automatic Pricing: The rise of Gasoline and Fuel prices for the third time in 2021

The government has raised gasoline prices for the third time since the beginning of this year in a row, and the price of a liter has increased by 25 piasters on gasoline and natural gas derivatives for cars and for two years the government has carried out an automatic pricing mechanism, which depends on international oil prices and the price of the dollar in the local market, which are influential and determine the cost of providing and selling petroleum products in the local market, in addition to other burdens and costs. The mechanism, which was first applied in October 2019, is working on setting a price equation that includes international oil prices and the exchange rate of the pound against the dollar, in addition to the operating burdens inside Egypt, allowing the product price to rise and fall, according to the change in cost elements, which contributes to reducing the cost of energy subsidies in the state’s general budget.

The Ministry of the Interior announces amnesty for 3,886 prisoners on the occasion of the anniversary of the October War. The ministry of Education presents a primary school principal as a scapegoat

The Ministry of Interior announced the release of an amnesty for 3,886 inmates from prisons nationwide, in implementation of Presidential Decree No. 448 of 2021, regarding the release of amnesty for the remainder of the sentence for some convicts who fulfilled the conditions of pardon, on the occasion of the celebration of the 48th anniversary of the October Victory.
Today, Sunday, Dr. Yasser Mahmoud, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Education in Qalyubia issued an urgent decision to refer the principal of the Triangle Primary School in Khanka for investigation and dismiss him from his position, and to appoint another principal in his place due to the case of students sitting on the ground in one of the classes in the school due to the lack of classroom seats, and the Undersecretary indicated that a committee was sent from the educational buildings to provide the students with the necessary seats, and the students will sit under any circumstances, starting tomorrow, on student seats.

Activists are at the mercy of state security, an emergency and an important development in the Mahmoud Hamza case

The Supreme Court of Military Appeals rejected the appeals submitted by 293 defendants and upheld the life and aggravated prison sentences in the case known in the media as the attempted assassination of Sisi, as well as the appeals submitted by 206 defendants and upheld the life and aggravated prison sentences in the case known in the media as the attempted assassination of the Assistant Public Prosecutor.

The Second Circuit, Terrorism, held at the Institute of Police Secretaries in Tora, sentenced a defendant to three years in prison in the case known in the media as the case of storming the Al-Ayyat police station.
The Second Circuit of Terrorism in the Giza Criminal Court released 10 defendants in Case No. 960 of 2020 State Security with a precautionary measure and 10 defendants in Case No. 880 of 2020 State Security with a precautionary measure.
The fourth circuit of terrorism, held in the Cairo Criminal Court at the Police Secretaries institute, considered the renewal of the detention of 145 citizens in the following cases: 924 for the year 2021, 915 for the year 2021, 912 for the year 2021, 911 for the year 2021, 910 for the year 2021, 909 for the year 2021, 908 for the year 2021, 755 For the year 2021, 65 for the year 2021, 626 for the year 2021, 620 for the year 2021, 238 for the year 2021, including the journalist Tawfiq Ghanem, 1780 for the year 2019, 1360 for the year 2019, 1175 for the year 2018, 878 for the year 2021, 657 for the year 2021, 571 for the year 2021, 484 For the year 2021, 260 for the year 2021, 240 for the year 2021, an inventory of a high state security.
The fourth circuit of terrorism, held in the Cairo Criminal Court at the Institute of Police Secretaries, considered the renewal of the detention of 176 citizens in the following cases: 1018 for the year 2020, 1058 for the year 2020, 1116 for the year 2020, 1196 for the year 2020, 26 for the year 2021, including journalist Hussein Ali Ahmed, 563 for the year 2020, 566 for the year 2020, 955 for the year 2020, including photojournalist Hamdi Mukhtar Ali, 575 for the year 2020, an inventory of a high state security.
Khaled Ali, the lawyer for the engineer and political activist, Mamdouh Hamza, said that the decision of the deputy military governor to accept the appeal submitted by him to the ruling against him by the Emergency State Security Court, and to cancel the ruling so that he can be retried before another court, is a historical precedent. Last month, the deputy military governor had agreed to Hamza’s appeal against the ruling issued by the State Security Emergency Court against him last October, with his imprisonment for six months and his inclusion on the terrorism list. Ali said that the military governor under the emergency law is the president of the republic, and his deputy is the prime minister. Pointing out that the imposition of a state of emergency in the country means the possibility of referring cases to emergency state security courts, which are courts that include the same ordinary judges, however their rulings are not challenged, but are considered final if they are ratified by the President of the Republic or his authorized representative.
The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights issued a statement warning of the severe deterioration of attorney Ibrahim Metwally’s health condition. Metwally has been suffering from an enlarged prostate and severe inflammation for more than a year, a condition that requires urgent intervention to avoid serious complications that pose a threat to his life. The lawyers of the Egyptian Initiative stated that Metwally was not provided with adequate treatment in his detention, nor was he allowed to obtain it, even at his own expense, despite the fact that his relatives submitted many requests to the concerned authorities.

Artistic field harasser

Referring the artist Shadi Khalaf to the Criminal Court, for accusing him of indecently assaulting 7 girls inside an acting workshop owned by him in Heliopolis and Nuweiba, Case No. 6238 for the year 2021 carried Heliopolis felonies restricted to No. 2455 for the year 2021 in East Cairo, and the referral order bore the signature of Counsellor Yasser Abu Ghanima, the first general attorney for the East Cairo Prosecution. The Public Prosecution charged the accused, Shadi Nabil Suleiman Khalaf, a 43-year-old actor and acting coach at the said studio, with this crime on a date prior to July 4, 2021, at the Heliopolis and Nuweiba Police Departments in the governorates of Cairo and South Sinai.

The end of Universal workers’ problem

The signing of a collective work agreement between the Universal Group of Companies and the General Union of Workers in the Metallurgical, Engineering and Electrical Industries today, Saturday, after the Ministry of Manpower succeeded in settling the rights of the company’s workers amicably regarding their right to receive their overdue financial dues with the company.

The mystery of the presence of large quantities of Corona virus vaccines on the side of a canal is solved! 

Counselor Hamada El-Sawy, the Public Prosecutor, announced on Sunday the details of the investigations into the incident of dumping coronavirus vaccines on the side of a canal in Minya. Investigations concluded that the dumped quantity was received by an authorized pharmacist from the Directorate of Health in Minya from the Serum and Vaccine Authority in Cairo, among another quantity, and presented it to the driver of a vehicle belonging to the Ministry of Health to be transferred to the directorate’s warehouse manager without getting in the car. The aforementioned car driver handed it over to the storekeeper, and it was deposited in the refrigerators designated for it without limiting it, and in the absence of the pharmacist authorized to deliver and receive and police investigations concluded that the gross negligence of the pharmacist and the storekeeper resulted in the loss of the amount of shortage in the stores, so the Public Prosecution ordered to seize them and the driver of the car.

Epidemiological situation 

In its meeting today, the Council of Ministers agreed to reduce the value of administrative expenses collected from travelers wishing to conduct a PCR COVID19 analysis according to the variables in the prices of reagents for conducting these analyzes, and the elements of operating costs, to provide the service on time, as well as the development of various services.

The decision stipulates that the analysis for Egyptians is worth 900 pounds instead of 1200 pounds, and for non-Egyptians, it is worth 1200 pounds, instead of 1600 pounds, with the introduction of the service of issuing the analysis within two hours, at a value of 1600 pounds for Egyptians, and 1800 pounds for non-Egyptians, the analysis is also carried out at airports according to the epidemiological situation variables at a value of 1000 pounds.

The Ministry of Education and Technical Education decided to amend the closure period for a class or school in the event of an infection with Corona, as the Ministry confirmed that it had been agreed with the Ministry of Health and Population that the closure period would be only 14 days instead of 28 days, and this is in the interest of the students and their continuity in the educational process without interruption for long periods that affect their progress and academic achievement.

Egypt ranked fifth in the countries least likely to report deaths from infection with the Corona virus, according to research reported by the World Bank in the Economic and Health Updates Report in the Middle East and North Africa for the month of October. The research, which tracks coronavirus death rates during the first year of a pandemic in 103 countries, used an indicator called the undercount ratio to compare excess deaths, which are all deaths resulted from any cause in a country that exceeds the number expected during a specified period of time, with reported coronavirus deaths. officially. Excess deaths are an objective indicator of deaths caused by pandemics and extreme events. According to the report, if a country has a high non-counting rate, this means that the official numbers were free of deaths caused by corona whether unknown or announced.

0 Doctor
According to the Egyptian Medical Syndicate's page, the number of doctors who have died fighting the Corona virus

Tunisia

Law Bulletin

The consequences of the decisions of the President of the Republic, Kais Saied, on July 25, 2021, still strongly affect the Tunisian human rights scene, and the level of rights and freedoms has declined after multiple violations, whether by trying civilians before military courts or under house arrest and preventing travel or the right of peaceful protests, but this week has witnessed two important developments. The first is that the executive and security authorities ended the decisions of house arrest less than a week after the administrative judiciary rejected the appeals submitted for this purpose, which explains the devotion of more concentration of powers in the hands of the President of the Republic. The second, which is extremely dangerous, is the slipping of everyone into committing violations that affect human dignity. It is a dangerous turn and an indication of the possibility of Tunisian society slipping into more violations and violence as a result of this division.

Selectivity in executing judgments and making decisions… and security practices its hobby in fabricating and harassing protesters

After the first president of the Administrative Court refused to stop the implementation of the house arrest decisions, Dean Chawki Tabib announced in a Facebook post, “I was informed a few minutes ago that the decision to put me under house arrest was cancelled… Praise to God and thanks are extended to everyone who supported me: my family, my friends and colleagues… in Tunisia and abroad, may God protect you all.”

The same thing was confirmed by the former Minister, Anwar Maarouf, through a post on his Facebook, in which he stated, “Praise to god, I was informed of the cancellation of the house arrest decision issued against me”.

This week, the Amal and aamal (hope and action) Movement published a statement in which it confirmed selectivity in the implementation of judgments and decision-making until to an unacceptable extent, and called in this context for the application of the law to everyone without exception, including the President of the Republic. It renewed its total rejection of trying civilians before the military judiciary, which has become the president’s tool in settling his political and personal accounts.

Political activist Jawhar ben Mbarek stated, in his Facebook post, that the real reason for the arrest of Othman Al-Aridi was the slogans that the masses rallied, and not for another reason. It is reported that Othman Al-Aridi was arrested on Sunday, October 10, 2021, on the sidelines of the demonstration against the decisions President of the Republic.

inès Harath, a lawyer and a member of the defence of the imprisoned MPs, Seifeddine Makhlouf and Nidhal Saudi, confirmed that the Ninth Indictment Chamber of the Court of Appeals in Tunis refused today to release both of the accused in the airport incident case on charges of insulting and threatening a military judge.

Weapons of National Bidding: Verbal and Physical Attacks and Treachery

The pioneers of social networking sites circulated a video of students of the Faculty of Legal, Political and Social Sciences in Tunisia regarding the protest and verbal assault against the participation of Samir Dilou and Abdellatif El-Makki in a symposium that took place on Friday, October 8, 2021. Which dealt with Presidential Order No. 117 of 2021 dated September 22, 2021 regarding exceptional measures, demanding their departure as “a symbol of failure for 10 years,” as they put it.

Samir Dilou commented on the incident in his Facebook post, noting the high level of the symposium and the verbal attacks he was subjected to by a group of students from the General Union of Tunisian Students, and his advice to stay away from such methods and not to personalize the political competition, stressing the importance of the university campus and its preservation as a deep academic dimension and the civilized political debate.

And in relation to the statements of the former Tunisian President Moncef Marzouki and his accusation of inciting foreign countries to take punitive measures against his country and seeking to thwart the 50th summit of the Francophone Organization, which was scheduled to be held in Tunisia next month, the Executive Office of the Union of the Diplomatic Corps issued a statement condemning Marzouki’s statements, which it described as disgraceful and condemned in the strongest terms, these actions and statements, and even demanded the Presidency of the Republic and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration and Tunisians abroad to withdraw his diplomatic passport.

This statement received many reactions from various parties, as the President of the Republic, Kais Saied, said, in a meeting he gathered on the evening of Saturday, October 9, 2021, in charge of running the Ministry of Interior, Ridha Gharslawi, that one of them asked this morning from foreign countries to intervene, indicating that there are parties and people they think that they are heroes, but history pronounced them and they work against the Tunisian state in every forum they visit.

On the other hand, Marzouki denied what was circulated about his call for foreign intervention in Tunisia, saying I called on the French not to support the coup, according to a post he posted on Facebook, in which he condemned the falsity of those working with the Nazi propaganda principle: “Lie, lie, there must remain something of your lies.” “I told the French not to support the coup, listen to the video and do not listen to delirium and lies, before giving me lessons in patriotism so that people compare my history with the history of “one” and the night must pass.”

On Sunday, October 10, during the demonstration against President kais Saied, the press team of the National Television was attacked by the protesters, and the journalist Ayman Al-Hajj Salem was taken aboard a civil protection vehicle to perform the necessary first aid. The National Syndicate of Journalists condemned this attack and issued a statement in this regard. It explained the transfer of the Tunisian TV crews to the security center in “Charles de Gaulle”, where an investigation t was opened regarding the severe violent attack on the health certificates and necessary aids to diagnose the damages. Also, the syndicate warned the responsible persons legally and politically about the aggressions against journalists in the al habib bourguiba avenue in the capital and called on the public prosecution to act rapidly against the aggressors and hold them accountable.

Continuing the work of criminal departments specialized in transitional justice

In another context, the Judicial Council announced, on Monday, that it had decided to open the door for nominations for criminal departments specialized in transitional justice, and the informed all judges that  of it according to the following distribution:

Gafsa Court of First Instance

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Criminal Chamber Counsellor

Gabes Court of First Instance

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Criminal Chamber Counsellor

Court of First Instance of Sousse

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Criminal Chamber Counsellor

El Kef Court of First Instance

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Criminal Chamber Counsellor

Bizerte Court of First Instance

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Criminal Chamber Counsellor

Court of First Instance of Sidi Bouzid

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Criminal Chamber Counsellor

First Instance Court of Nabeul

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Criminal Chamber Counsellor

Monastir Court of First Instance

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Criminal Chamber Counsellor

Kairouan Court of First Instance

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Criminal Chamber Counsellor

Medenine Court of First Instance

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Criminal Chamber Counsellor

Kasserine Court of First Instance

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Criminal Chamber Counsellor
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Head of the Criminal Department

Tunis Court of First Instance

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Head of a criminal department
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Criminal department advisor

The Council will start receiving applications from Tuesday, October 12, 2021, until Tuesday, October 19, 2021.

Political Bulletin

The President of the Republic, kais Saied, continued his usual approach of not hearing the voices of his opponents, even his supporters, and his insistence on continuing to use warlike language directed against the unknown in all his speeches. On Saturday he accused his opponents of being cheatful while using religious parlance. He affirmed that the national dialogue will not include them but will include the youth of the bases and cities, and on Monday morning he named the members of the government, ignoring the success of the demonstrations calling for the fall of the coup and the return to the constitution one day before.

Despite the security restrictions and siege, a massive demonstration of opponents of the coup in the heart of the capital

Thousands flocked to Habib Bourguiba Street in the center of the capital, Tunis, to participate in a protest gathering to denounce the decisions of Tunisian President Kais Saied, including the suspension of most articles of the constitution and the freezing of Parliament, similar to last week’s rally in support of Tunisian President Kais Saied in the capital and other regions in the country. Habib Bourguiba Street in the center of the capital, Tunis, today, Sunday, October 10, 2021, thousands of demonstrators opposed to the exceptional measures taken by Said.
The Tunisian authorities refused to allow those who rejected the coup to demonstrate on the vital Habib Bourguiba Street in the center of the capital.
Skirmishes took place between Tunisian security and the demonstrators, and tear gas was fired to disperse them, causing many cases of suffocation.
Many supporters of the Islamic Ennahdha Movement, as well as others affiliated with opposition parties, participated in the demonstrations due to the July 25 decisions and the subsequent developments and repercussions.

The president ignores the opponents and proceeds with the appointment of the governors and members of the Boden Ramadan government, and the differing opinions around it

The President of the Republic, Kais Saied, issued a presidential order ending the assignment of Mr. Mongi Thamer to the duties of Wal in the state of Gabes, starting on October 8, 2021.

This morning, Monday, October 11, 2021, the President of the Republic, Kais Saied, supervised the swearing-in procession for the Prime Minister and her members, ladies and gentlemen, at the Carthage Palace:


• Najlaa Bouden Ramadan, Prime Minister,
• Laila Jaffal, Minister of Justice,
• Imed memmich, Minister of National Defense,
• Tawfik charfeddine, Minister of Interior,
• Othman Jarandi, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Immigration and Tunisians Abroad,
• Sihem Al-Boughdiri Nomsieh, Minister of Finance,
• Samir Said, Minister of Economy and Planning,
• Malek Ezzahi, Minister of Social Affairs,
• Nayla Nawira Al-Qunji, Minister of Industry, Mines and Energy,
• Fadhila Rabhi ben Hamza, Minister of Commerce and Export Development,
• Mahmoud Elyes Hamza, Minister of Agriculture, Water Resources and Fishing,
• Ali Mrabet, Minister of Health,
• Fathi Slaouti, Minister of Education,
-Moncef Boukthir, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research,
• Kamal Dakich, Minister of Youth and Sports,
• Nizar Benneji, Minister of Communication Technologies,
• Rabie Mejdi, Minister of Transport,
• Sarah Zaafarani Zanzari, Minister of Equipment and Housing,
• Mohamed Rakib, Minister of State Property and Real Estate Affairs,
• Laila Chikhaoui, Minister of Environment,
• Mohamed El Moez Belhossein, Minister of Tourism,
• Ibrahim Cheibi, Minister of Religious Affairs,
• Amal Ben El Haj, Minister of Family, Women, Children and Seniors,
• Hayat Guetat Guermazi, Minister of Cultural Affairs,
• Nasreddin Nsibi, Minister of Employment and Vocational Training.
• Aida Hamdi, Secretary of State to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Immigration and Tunisians Abroad, in charge of international cooperation.

Attitudes and opinions about this government differed, as the official spokesman of the Tunisian General Labor Union, Sami Tahri, said on Monday, that “there are many short-term challenges for the new government led by Najla Boden, explaining that among the most prominent of these challenges is the rebalancing of public finances in the country.” In light of the high budget deficit and the urgent need to mobilize new financial resources, the formation of the new government will help fill the government vacuum and will restart the state’s wheels after a disruption that lasted more than two months since the exceptional measures were taken. An emergency plan must be developed by the new government in the health and educational fields considering that they affect people’s lives and their future, especially in light of the Covid-19 pandemic.

While the Workers’ Party announced that it was a coup government without a program for Tunisia and its people, and it expressed its position through a statement issued by the party, while the official spokesman for the Tunisian Forum for Economic and Social Rights, Romdhan Ben Omar, said that the new government headed by Najla Boden, whose composition was announced on Monday, finds itself committed to the rule of the state’s continuity of response to social aspirations.

The forum clarified that the government is bound by social agreements, some of which are classified within the organized agreements, such as the ones it brings together with the Tunisian General Labor Union and are mainly concerned with social negotiations and social dialogue, and are also linked to unorganized agreements, whether it comes to agreements signed with coordination or with categories of unemployed in the regions or at the level central.

The forum stated that the government would be called upon to implement the pledges of previous governments with regard mainly to aspects concerned with employment and development, noting that the continuation of the state’s work requires consideration of the accumulated delayed promises, thus putting an end to the decline in the level of services in health and education.

As for Samir Dilou, he stated through his Facebook post that this government can be called the government of Order 117 and that it was sworn by a constitution of which nothing remains, and although it is ruled illegal, he wishes it success, and that there is no contradiction in that. But, that is for the sake of the magnitude of the risks staring at the Tunisian state which are big and dangerous, the post enumerated these risks. He also concluded the post by directly blaming the President of the Republic for not respecting the sanctity of death and for using a picture containing the deceased MP Mahrezia Abidi during his speech during the formation of the new government.

The Francophone Summit was postponed for a year because Tunisia was not ready to receive the event currently

The 18th Francophone Summit, initially scheduled to be held on the island of Djerba at the end of November, was postponed for a year “in order to allow Tunisia to be able to organize this important meeting in the best conditions”, according to two statements issued by the International Organization of Francophonie and the Tunisian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
According to the press release issued by the International Organization of la Francophonie, “Representatives of Member States and Governments discussed openly and with care of cohesion and solidarity the organization of the Summit in Tunisia on the scheduled dates. They reached consensus on the necessity of postponing the 18th Francophone Summit for a year. This is an important meeting under the best conditions.” “The discussions resulted in the consensus of representatives of the member states on Tunisia hosting this summit and postponing the date of its convening on the island of Djerba until 2022 in order to secure a wide attendance participation at the highest level and not have to hold it remotely,” the Tunisian Foreign Ministry said in a statement. The decision is supposed to be officially adopted during the Francophonie Ministerial Conference.
Initially, this summit was scheduled in Djerba on December 12 and 13, 2020, but was postponed due to the Corona pandemic to November 20 and 21, 2021, before it got postponed again.

Libya

A letter from the parties and civil society to the House of Representatives proposes an amendment to the electoral law, and parliamentarians refuse to postpone the presidential elections.

The December elections remain at the centre of all political moves and manoeuvres in Libya, but all initiatives have demonstrated the commitment of the Libyan people and the international community to holding parliamentary and presidential elections on time for the coming December. Most of the political forces and civil movements considered that there is no retreat from postponing the parliamentary and presidential elections on their due date and preserving the outputs of Berlin and Geneva. And they rejected all initiatives that tried to put forward the postponement of the parliamentary and presidential elections, or one of them.

In this context, 27 parties, institutions, and civil society groups proposed amendments to the laws on the election of the president and the House of Representatives, in a letter addressed to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Aguila Saleh, with a proposal to amend Article 14 of Law No. (1) of 2021 by choosing the Head of State as his deputy within three months from the date of taking the legal oath, the deputy performs the duties of the head of state in his absence, or when there is an impediment preventing him from performing his functions. And regarding the law No. 10 of 2021 on the election of the House of Representatives, the amendments proposed “distributing the seats of candidates from parties and independent individuals according to percentages, so that 75% for individuals nominated for parties as a minimum and 25% for independent individuals, and the parties and civil society institutions also considered that parliamentary elections should be held on the date set for the second round of presidential elections.” In the absence of a second round, the parliamentary elections will be held on the date decided by the High Elections Commission, and no later than 30 days from the first round elections, The signatories to the letter addressed to Aguila Saleh included the parties (Peace and Prosperity, Civil Democratic, National Forces Alliance, National Centrist , National Unionist, Together for Libya, Al-Qardabiya Call, Youth of Tomorrow, National Movement, Youth of the Center, Renewal, Libya Inclusive, National Democratic Consensus The National Unity Gathering), and from civil society institutions and blocs, the signatories were (The Gathering of National Will, the National Movement for Democratic Building, the Movement for Libya elects its president, December 24, who we are, the Libyan National, for December 24, the Libyan Future Movement, the National Row Gathering, Derna Women’s Union, Libyan Women’s Union, Libyan Network for Empowerment and Support of Women).
In a related context, a number of of Libyan parliament deputies accused Foreign Minister Najla Al-Mankosh of trying to circumvent existing conventions and postpone the holding of presidential elections from the next December. 18 deputies said in a joint statement: “We note that the Minister for Foreign Affairs of many States has moved to mobilize support for a so-called initiative.”The Peace Initiative “is based on the postponement of the most important benefit that all Libyans expect, namely, elections, and the holding of only parliamentary elections, which is an attempt to circumvent the people’s demand and their right to elect a head of State.By implementing the will of the people to hold direct presidential and parliamentary elections on schedule”Considering that” all moves and conferences that do not clearly support this entitlement to elections are confusing and contrary to the output of Berlin and Geneva and are an impediment to the completion of the locally and internationally agreed road map.
Libya’s “Supreme Council of State” had put forward a road map that included the holding of parliamentary elections on time and the postponement of the presidency until after the referendum on the Constitution. For its part, the exiled President of the Libyan Presidential Council, Mohammed, stressed that “Libyans have no choice but to hold presidential and parliamentary elections on time.

Foreign mercenaries in Libya: After the Turkish dodge, the process of Russian denial began, and a joint statement welcoming the signing of the mercenary withdrawal plan

Work has begun to withdraw foreign mercenaries from Libya as a result of the tireless national work carried out by the 5 + 5 Committee over the past period .Thanks to these efforts, the international community has been able to continue its pressure and its support for the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNAMI), so that the process of removing mercenary groups can begin in order to prepare the ground for the upcoming elections after the 5 + 5 committee raised the slogan of “elections without mercenaries”, and as Turkey maneuvered in the last period about Syrian mercenaries, the Russian Foreign Ministry began denying the relationship of Russian citizens with a war crime in Libya, as well as denying any Russian military presence inside Libya during the last war period.
The embassies of France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States in Libya welcomed the signing of an action plan for the withdrawal of mercenaries, foreign fighters and foreign forces from Libya. The five embassies stated in a joint statement that the signing of the plan is in line with the ceasefire agreement issued on October 23, 2020, UN Security Council resolutions No. 2570 (2021) and 2571 (2021) and the results of the Berlin conferences.

In this regard, the embassies recalled that Security Council Resolution 2570 called on all Libyan and foreign parties to fully implement the ceasefire agreement concluded on October 23, 2020, including through the withdrawal of all foreign forces and mercenaries from Libya without further delay, and the statement praised patriotism and commitment of the members of the 5+5 Joint Military Commission, and encouraged them to seize this opportunity to promote the full implementation of the ceasefire agreement, the five embassies announced their joining the United Nations Special Envoy in calling on all Member States to support the 5+5 Joint Military Commission, and to the Libyan authorities to implement the plan, the statement added: “We are committed to supporting the Libyan Ceasefire Monitoring Mechanism, under the leadership of the Joint Military Committee and look forward to the rapid deployment of the mission’s Ceasefire Monitoring Component as requested by the Joint Military Committee and in accordance with Security Council Resolution 2570 (2021).
Concluding the joint statement, the embassies recalled that individuals or entities who engage in acts that threaten the peace, stability or security of Libya or impede or undermine the successful completion of its political transition may be identified by the Committee established pursuant to paragraph 24 of resolution 1970 (2011) in relation to embargo measures. Travel and asset freeze.
In this regard, the Russian Foreign Ministry announced that the report submitted by the International Fact-Finding Mission in Libya to the International Council for Human Rights does not include evidence that Russian citizens have committed crimes in this country. However, even the preliminary analysis (of the report’s text) raises several questions about its content, especially with regard to adherence to the principle of objectivity and impartiality, and that most of the report’s outputs depend on “conversations” with Unnamed victims and information from open sources of dubious credibility, “including a report of a blatant propaganda nature” prepared by the British BBC, which “spread lies about alleged war crimes committed by Russian citizens in Libya, and the spokeswoman reiterated Moscow’s denial of the presence of Russian military personnel in Libya, adding, “It is unfortunate that the authors of the report have surrendered – intentionally or unintentionally to the desires of the forces that seek to fabricate a false narrative about Moscow’s participation in the Libyan armed confrontation by standing open to the The side of one of the parties to the conflict, and the distortion of the image of Russian policy in its Libyan course, and that the authors of the report forgot the causes of the dire humanitarian situation in Libya, which lie in the destruction of the Libyan state in 2011 by NATO countries, which, in their quest to overthrow Muammar Gaddafi’s regime, carried out aggression against a sovereign state Member of the United Nations.

International fears and warnings about the situation of migrants and refugees in Libya after the killing of a Sudanese asylum seeker.

The Protocol and Information Office, headed by the Chief of Staff of the Libyan Naval Forces, said that the coast guard rescued, on Monday, 90 irregular migrants who were on their way to Europe on a rubber boat, and that the migrants hold several African nationalities. .

In the same context, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees expressed its concern, after the death of a Sudanese asylum seeker in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, in the west of the country. Hospitals in the capital, Tripoli, and UNHCR stated that the victim arrived in Libya two years ago, after fleeing Darfur due to the conflict, and was detained in the “Al-Mabany” shelter after a series of raids and arrests carried out by the Libyan authorities, and urged UNHCR to open an investigation into the killing, renewing Her call on the Libyan authorities to respect the human rights and dignity of asylum seekers and refugees, in addition to stopping arrests and releasing detainees, as the spokeswoman for the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights called, in her statements on the website
To UNHCR, the authorities in Libya are to release all arbitrarily detained migrants and asylum seekers, stop raids against their detention centers, stop their evictions, and stop criminalizing them. An informal settlement in Gargaresh, about 12 kilometers west of the capital, Tripoli, where hundreds of migrants and asylum seekers, including registered people, live. All detainees were transferred to a government-run detention center in Tripoli, and were held in overcrowded cells with limited access to food or water. On October 2, hundreds of migrants were transferred from the buildings to the Gharyan detention center in western Libya, where they were held in unsanitary conditions. At least four people were shot dead, and others were injured, and on October 8 a mass escape occurred, and pictures and videos of asylum seekers escaping from detention centers to the streets of the capital, Tripoli, spread in scenes that sparked panic in The hearts of the city’s residents, but what sparked fear more, was the shooting of irregular migrants, killing at least one person and wounding 15 others, and the arrest of more than 5,000 people in several detention centers, which became “overcrowded and unsanitary, and the United Nations indicated that Reports from officials in the Department for Combating Irregular Migration indicated that at least 4,000 people, including women and children, were arrested during this security operation, stressing that the unarmed immigrants were harassed, beaten and shot inside their homes.

An international and nationa-wide welcome to extend the work of the fact-finding mission and the United Nations Support Mission calls on the Libyan authorities to facilitate the work of the fact-finding mission

After it submitted its first report, which was a reason to support the work of the 5 + 5 Committee regarding the speedy start of the process of removing foreign mercenaries from Libya, a vote was taken to extend the work period of the fact-finding mission in Libya for another nine months, after its work was disrupted for seven months. In full due to the Corona pandemic and the liquidity deficit that accompanied this pandemic within the United Nations, it seems that the reports submitted by that mission during the coming period will be strong pressure cards by the international community on the parties obstructing peace in Libya.

The United Nations Support Mission in Libya welcomed the extension of the mandate of the Fact-Finding Mission in Libya for a period of nine months. Members of the United Nations, to support the mandate of the fact-finding mission, by providing information and any evidence of violations of international human rights and international humanitarian law. Earlier, the United Nations Human Rights Council agreed to extend the mandate of the fact-finding mission in Libya for a period of 9 months, along with providing Its report to the Council at its fiftieth session, and the mandate of the fact-finding mission in Libya expired on September 30, and some of the results of its work were submitted to the Human Rights Council on the seventh of this October, just four months after the full launch of its operations, after it was disrupted for a few months due to crises The Human Rights Council said that the extension came in consideration of the exceptional circumstances that the mission has faced since its establishment due to the Corona virus pandemic and the liquidity crisis faced by the United Nations in that year. At that time, the Council requested the mission to submit a follow-up report on its findings to the next session of the Council with the participation of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Libya, Jan Kubis, to be followed by an interactive dialogue report, and to submit a comprehensive report to the Council at its fiftieth session on the situation of human rights in Libya. The comprehensive report includes efforts to prevent and ensure accountability for human rights violations and abuses with recommendations for follow-up, followed by an interactive dialogue, according to the council.
The Council also called on the Libyan authorities to continue to allow the members of the Mission to have unimpeded access to all Libyan territory without delay and to allow them to visit the sites and to meet and speak freely and in private with whomever they want when they so request. On June 22, 2020, the United Nations Human Rights Council established the independent mission to investigate The facts in Libya under Resolution 43/39 for a period of one year, to investigate violations and abuses of human rights across Libya by all parties since the beginning of 2016, to stop the continued deterioration of the human rights situation, and to ensure accountability.

Regarding the latest developments in the spread of the virus in Egypt, Tunisia and Libya

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