Weekly newsletter

The weekly newsletters : from 14 to October 20

Egypt

After continuing the external debt and approving a loan and Japanese, French and Canadian grants: the deputies of the approval board agree in principle to the government’s request to regulate the participation of the private sector in infrastructure, services and public utilities

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loan from Japan to develop the electricity sector worth

As always, the representatives of the Legislative Council approve all initiatives submitted by representatives of the executive branch, or they themselves introduce legal initiatives that fulfils the wishes and directions of the executive branch, the Council of Approval and Good Ethics (the People), has approved a loan from Japan to develop the electricity sector worth 25 billion yen. Moreover, it approved the French program to support the system of social welfare and health insurance through insurance facilities that could amount to 150 million euros.
It also approved a draft amendment to some provisions of Law No. 10-2018 promulgating the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Law, and toughening the punishment for bullying them. The Council also approved, in principle, a draft law submitted by the government to amend some provisions of the law regulating private sector participation in infrastructure Public services and utilities promulgated by Law No. 67-2021, a law that carries many points that need clarification and discussion, given the sensitivity of the issues and objectives related to this project.

During this week, the House of Representatives approved, during the plenary session, the Presidential Decision No. 324-2021 regarding the approval of exchanged letters between the government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the government of Japan regarding the provision of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to the Egyptian government, a policy development loan for the development of the electricity sector worth 25 billion Japanese yen, and the House of Representatives finally approved, by a majority of members standing, to amend the bill submitted by member Muhammad Mustafa al-Sallab to amend some provisions of Law No. 10-2018 issuing the Law on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities to increase the penalty for bullying persons with disabilities.

The Council also approved Sisi’s Decision No. 363 of 2021 approving the simplified agreement between the Egyptian government and the French Development Agency, on the second program to support the budget of the social protection sector, aimed at supporting the Egyptian comprehensive health insurance system, and in accordance with the agreement signed in Cairo on June 13, 2021, it allows The French Development Agency to provide a credit facility to the Egyptian government with a maximum amount of 150 million euros (about 174.5 million dollars), with the aiming to develop social and health protection.

The Council also approved Resolution No. 364 of 2021 approving the sub-agreement between the governments of Egypt and Canada, regarding the implementation of the project to support Egyptian women in the field of entrepreneurship, signed in Cairo on March 31, 2020, and aims to support women’s economic empowerment and help them create job opportunities. The parliament also approved Resolution No. 334 of 2021 approving the Headquarters Agreement signed between Egypt and the Organization for the Development of Women in the Member States of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, in the context of advancing the role of women and building capacities, skills and competencies for them through various mechanisms, including training, education and rehabilitation.

It also approved a draft law submitted by Representative Mahmoud Hussein, and 60 others, regarding extending the period prescribed for calling for the regular meeting of the general assembly in sports bodies for a period of two months, to end on December 31, 2021, in accordance with the procedures and quorum determined by the statute of the sports authority for the fiscal year 2020-2021.

The Council also approved during the plenary session, in principle, a draft law submitted by the government to amend some provisions of the law regulating the participation of the private sector in infrastructure, services and public utilities promulgated by Law No. 67-2021. The proposed draft law aims to achieve a number of objectives, including:

Effortlessly, the Madbouly government is covering up practicing on its real problems, and ban entry to government offices without receiving a corona vaccination, starting from the first of December.

Without pressure or accountability from the House of Representatives or real opposition to strong parties that are not loyal to the authority, and even without real criticism in one of the public or private media, the government practiced its hobby in covering up its real problems, and focusing only on its alleged achievements. After the spread of pictures of children receiving school lessons on the classroom floor on the first day of school, and instead of recognizing the problem, the Ministry rushed to provide the school that had the picture with the necessary school furniture and to stop the school principal, and then it issued decisions this week to ban photography inside all educational facilities and not only schools, and to give the right to high-intensity educational directorates to work for a second period during the school day. The head of government issued a decree to rationalize public consumption in the internal bodies in the state’s general budget for a period of six months, and another decision prohibiting the entry of workers in the state’s administrative apparatus to practice their work without obtaining the Corona vaccine.
After the spread of pictures of students’ crowding in classrooms on the first day of the start of the study, the Ministry of Education and Technical Education announced that it is in the interest of the Ministry for the interest of students in all levels of pre-university education and to achieve the regulations for organizing work inside schools for the academic year 2021/2022, so the following was decided:

Mostafa Madbouly, Prime Minister, issued Resolution No. 2606 of 2021 to rationalize public consumption in the internal entities in the state’s general budget and economic public bodies in light of the continuation of the novel Coronavirus pandemic, with the controls and rules accompanying this decision, for a period of six months from the date of its implementation. The newspaper published Prime Minister’s Decision No. 2750 of 2021, regarding the prohibition of entry to units of the state’s administrative apparatus without obtaining the Corona vaccine, and it is prohibited for citizens to enter the headquarters of the bodies of the state’s administrative apparatus except after confirming that they have obtained any of the anti-Coronavirus vaccines through the certificate prepared for this purpose. The latter is issued by the competent administrative authority. They can also have access once they submit a negative certificate as a result of the PCR analysis that was conducted no more than 3 days ago, starting from December 1, 2021.

Political and human rights activists in Egypt are still subjected to abuse, whether by fabricating charges and using the policy of rotation, in front of exceptional prosecutions and courts, and the security crackdown machine did not differentiate between a citizen and a resident foreigner in this file. The brutal torture of interrogating activists and dealing with them as spies and traitors who do not have the right to defend themselves, and what resulted from the start of the trial procedures of four Egyptian mother officers in absentia before the Italian courts for a crime of brutal torture that led to death. The Italian court suspended the trial and returned it to the preliminary investigative judge. The file of activists in Egypt has become an extremely tragic file with the continued imprisonment and circulation of activists, as well as their demand for huge sums of money only in order to consider the conditional release, as is the case with Ahmed Doma and the demands for the payment of 6 million Egyptian pounds, equivalent to about 380 thousand dollars, who was sentenced to 15 years in prison in addition to the aforementioned fine.

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Fines

smail Douma, brother of political activist Ahmed Doma, said that the state demanded that he pays fines exceeding 6 million pounds, before considering his conditional release after he had served half the sentence. Doma added that the family had applied for Douma’s conditional release after serving half the sentence.

However, the Prison Authority confirmed that the request cannot be considered without paying the fines owed to Ahmed Douma, which exceed 6 million pounds, and that the authority confirmed that even if the request is submitted, it will remain exempt until those amounts are paid. In July 2020, the Court of Cassation upheld the punishment of Douma with strict 15 years imprisonment and an obligation to pay 6 million pounds in the case known as the Council of Ministers events; as such, the judgment of conviction becomes final and conclusive and may not be appealed in any way.

The Egyptian prosecution referred political activist Alaa Abdel-Fattah, Mohamed Baqer and Mohamed Oxygen to an emergency state security misdemeanour court, an “exceptional court” to begin their trial in the case of preventing lawyers from accessing her papers. The defendants in Case No. 1356 of 2019 State Security were unable to know the charges against their clients in the case, as the Supreme State Security Prosecution did not enable them to view its papers or obtain copies of it. Laila Souif explained that the charges under which Alaa will be tried are “unknown.” Because the prosecution did not inform the lawyers.” However, she suggested that the accusation was “spreading false news because the prosecution summoned him about a month ago and interrogated him in this accusation.” Mona Seif wrote on Facebook after visiting him in prison that she “never saw her brother in such a bad condition, and added, “Alaa is dealing as if he will die in this prison.”

An Italian court decided to suspend the trial of four Egyptian police officers, accused of killing Italian researcher Giulio Regeni, and ordered that the papers be returned to the preliminary investigative judge. The court feared that the officers might not know that they were accused, which would invalidate the proceedings. The Lawyers of the accused and his family described the decision as a “setback”. It was intended that the trial of the four officers would take place in absentia on Thursday in the Italian capital, Rome, in the presence of Regeni’s parents. The officers face charges of kidnapping, torturing, and killing the Italian researcher nearly five years ago in Egypt, which the Egyptian authorities deny.

Three years with work to the subway harasser

The Qasr al-Nil District Court, in the case of assaulting a female and committing an indecent act in public at the Sadat metro station, sentenced the accused to three years in prison with work and enforceability for the first accusation and six months with labor for the second accusation and obligated the accused to criminal expenses. The Public Prosecution in the case of harassment of a girl inside the Sadat metro Citizens encouraged the reporting of such crimes as soon as they occur, especially as the Public Prosecution has provided multiple outlets for reporting, including a digital one, through the unified electronic petition system to the Attorney General on its official website.

Sayed Pharmaceuticals workers face unemployment in response to their demand for their rights

In a strange development for the “Sayyed Pharmaceutical Company” crisis, the company’s management decided to freeze its work indefinitely, in response to the strike of its workers, which lasted for 9 days, in protest against the reduction of workers’ percentage in annual profits. The decision to freeze includes the company’s head office and its branches, while work continues in the company’s factory in Assiut. The Ministry of Business Sector explained the decision taken by the Managing Director of “Sayyed Pharmaceuticals” Mahmoud Amr Gad, last Saturday morning, after consultations with the Minister and the Administration of the Drug Holding Company, it came in order to preserve the company’s assets after the workers refrained from working and gathered in front of the company, after the company’s management reduced the employees’ share of the annual profits by 10 to 12% on the basic wage, as they will receive the equivalent of only two months’ salary, a decrease of up to two-thirds compared to last years they were paid Equivalent to 6 months’ salary.

After “contempt for religions” and “preserving the values ​​of the Egyptian family”… tarnishing Egypt’s reputation is a new sword shed against art and freedom of expression

In the first judicial move against the Egyptian movie “feathers”, lawyer Samir Sabry filed a complaint with the Attorney General and the Supreme State Security Prosecution in Egypt, against the director, scriptwriter and producer of the work, considering that it “offended the Egyptian state and the Egyptians,”. The lawyer said in his complaint, that on the third day of the El Gouna Film Festival, the movie “Feathers” was shown, and after it was shown, “a state of great anger prevailed from the artists and participants in the festival, as soon as they watched the premiere of the film, and the matter evolved into some of them leaving the showroom in anger.”

The lawyer called for an investigation regarding what happened and to refer the persons involved “for an urgent criminal trial”. The judicial move was preceded by a parliamentary move by Representative Ahmed Mhenni, a member of the House of Representatives, who announced that he would submit a request for a briefing to Parliament Speaker, Counselor Hanafi Gabali, Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly, and the Minister of Culture, regarding the screening of “The Feathers Offensive to Egypt,” As it does not present the true image of Egypt, and helps distort the internal image of Egypt globally.

The Ministry of Interior announced the arrest of a person in Alexandria, after publishing two videos on the Tik Tok application, in which he performs showy movements in the street, without its statement explaining his fate, or the legal violation he committed. On the same day, the Ministry announced that it had arrested another person, residing in Alexandria, after he posted a video clip on his personal page on Tik Tok as well, in which a group of young people appear performing a sarcastic scene showing a person praying while two individuals behind him try to steal his personal belongings and disrupt his prayers. Meanwhile one of the girls appears to stop them, according to The ministry, which said it was seeking to arrest the rest of the people in the video.

The data statement of the Ministry of Interior indicated that the two arrested admitted that they had filmed videos to increase the number of followers. The statements of the Ministry of the Interior deal with attempts to increase followers or success on Internet platforms, or even earning money through them, as a crime, which is frequent for all content makers on Tik Tok. Also there is an expansion of dealing with personal behaviour on the Internet as a subject of security and legal control, and that the monitoring unit established by the Public Prosecution last year facilitates this expansion in monitoring personal behaviour.

The investigation authorities decided to refer the lawyer, Ahmed Abdo Maher, to the emergency trial before the Emergency State Security Misdemeanours Court, and set a hearing next Wednesday, October 20, 2021. Samir Sabry, his lawyer, informed the public prosecutor and the high state public prosecution against Ahmed Abdo Maher for contempt against the Islamic religion.

Epidemiological situation

The Minister of Health and Population stated the position of the local manufacture of the “Sinovac” vaccine in the “Vaccera” factories, reviewing the results of negotiations to achieve cooperation between the Chinese company Sinovac and the Holding Company for Biological Products and Vaccines during 2022, noting that it was approved to increase the supplies of raw material for 2023 in the required quantity, which It suffices to manufacture 250 million doses, in addition to opening the export list for Växera with the agreement on the price policy.

The Minister of Health indicated that the total doses provided to citizens amounted to 23,376,990 doses, distributed as follows: 15,132,679 for the first dose, and 8,244,311 for the second dose, noting that the number of people who received the vaccination from the state’s administrative apparatus as of August 22, so far, is estimated at about 3.3 million. Indeed, 1.2 million people belonging to the higher education system have been vaccinated, and about one million people belonging to the public and Azhar pre-university education system, as part of the state’s plan to expand vaccination for these target groups for the purposes of maintaining the educational process in all its stages, explaining that the remaining number registered to receive the vaccine is currently about one million and 200 thousand, and work is underway to complete it within a week.

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According to the Egyptian Medical Syndicate page, the number of doctors who have died in the fight against the Coronavirus

The Ministry of Health announced that the total number of infections that was registered in Egypt is 320,207, including 270,193 cases that have been cured, and 18,058 deaths.

Tunisia

Rights Newsletter

Protest against the continued attacks on journalists

Today, Thursday, October 14, 2021, journalists from various media outlets, in front of the headquarters of the National Syndicate of Tunisian Journalists, with the support of partner organizations and a number of activists, citizens and national personalities, staged a protest stand against the campaign of incitement, mobilization and attacks against them, especially during field work.
This protest was the result of the repeated attacks on journalists, especially field workers, and also the result of reaching such a degree of danger that it became impossible to continue the work, especially in the face of the widespread phenomenon of impunity in the cases that were submitted to the judiciary and related to serious attacks on journalists.

In its September report, the Monitoring Unit of the Professional Safety Center of the National Syndicate of Tunisian Journalists recorded 22 attacks out of 25 received notifications.

The Journalists Syndicate invited the Presidency of the Republic, after the attacks it recorded, to open up to media institutions, especially Tunisian ones, and to adopt a clear communication policy.

It also urged the Ministry of Interior to develop a precise plan to protect journalists and photojournalists in the field, while calling on the Supreme Judicial Council to review the files in which journalists were referred in internal state security cases, which are before the judge.

During Daam’s third forum, Massoud Ramdhani, former president of the Tunisian Forum for Social and Economic Rights, accuses Arab countries of failing to achieve economic and social rights.

The former president of the Tunisian Forum for Economic and Social Rights, Massoud Ramdhani, considered that the failure of Arab countries to achieve economic, social, civil, political and environmental rights led to Arab wealth in 2011.

During his presentation of the research paper on cultural and social challenges in the Arab region: Reality, the reasons, he indicated at the third Daam Forum entitled “The Current Status of Economic and Social Rights in the Arab Region”, that the Arab revolutions failed because the political parties were not carrying an alternative project to the Arab reality at the level of challenges. He also stated that the Arab state is witnessing a kind of social movements that carry only immediate demands, political parties that have no alternatives and deteriorating economic and social conditions at all levels.

Additionally, he pointed out that the Arab youth constitute the largest proportion of the population, but they suffer the largest percentage of unemployment and problems related to irregular migration and joining hotbeds of tension, in addition to the fact that the countries of the Arab region are witnessing a very strange phenomenon; The more this young people get an education, the less their access to the job market becomes, which creates a brain drain.

The former head of the Tunisian Forum for Economic and Social Rights, indicated that Arab countries have failed to achieve citizenship for their people and always view their people as subjects before and after the Arab revolutions and they have nothing but control over the joints of power in all its forms, rejecting any changes in the development process, establishing regional balance and the slogans proclaimed by the Arab revolutions.

Suspicion of document fraud, detention of the regional director of education in Sidi Bouzid and 4 employees

The Public Prosecution Office of the Economic and Financial Judicial Pole has decided to retain the regional director of education in Sidi Bouzid and 4 employees because of committing crimes of fraudulent administrative documents for the benefit of some teachers, according to what was reported by the liaison office of the Court of First Instance in Tunis, Tuesday October 19, 2021 to Tunisia Africa news agency.

The number of those detained to date has reached 7 people, knowing that investigation is still ongoing regarding those concerned by the investigation by the Sub-Department of Criminal Cases of the National Guard of Ben Arous, which undertakes investigation.

The decision to retain the regional director of education and 4 employees came in order to complete investigation in the light of the suspicion that some employees of the regional administration of education in Sidi Bouzid committed crimes of fraudulent administrative documents for the benefit of some deputies teachers in order to enjoy the priority of assignment in exchange for bribes.

The liaison office of the Court of First Instance in Tunis had reported in a previous communication on Sunday, October 17, that two employees of the regional delegation for education were kept in Sidi Bouzid to continue investigating them regarding the same case.

It is worth mentioning that the Ministry of Education had decided to dismiss 5 officials of the regional delegation for education in Sidi Bouzid from their job plans, and refer them to the judiciary, for their involvement in the manipulation of the assignment file by defrauding scientific certificates for a number of professors and teachers, according to what was previously stated by Education Minister Fathi al-Salouti.

This measure comes, a few days after the disclosure of a fraud process that included the inclusion of more than 100 teachers and professors deputy in the Sidi Bouzid, who are not deputies who meet the conditions of the right to settle their status.

Irregular migration: more than 340 survivors per night, and the security approach proves to be failing day after day

Last week, local media reported that two Tunisian naval units, with the help of fishing boats, rescued 123 illegal immigrants of different African nationalities, including 17 women, they were on a damaged boat at the site northeast of Kerkennah, 30 km away, and were calling for help, as they set sail from the coast of Sidi Mansour in Sfax.

On Sunday, October 17, two bodies were recovered and seven people were rescued after their boat, which included 30 passengers, sank, heading to the Italian coasts from Mahdia.

Economist Hichem Ajbouni: This is what Moody’s lowering of our sovereign rating means

In a post on his Facebook page, Parliament member Hicham Al-Ajbouni said that Moody’s downgrading Tunisia’s sovereign rating to Caa1 with negative prospects means “the Tunisian economy has entered a dangerous juncture and Tunisia is considered a country incapable of fulfilling its obligations.” In other words, it is impossible for Tunisia to go out to the global financial market to borrow,” as he put it.

Political Newsletter

Najla Bouden and members of the government declare their asserts and interests

On Thursday, October 14, 2021, Prime Minister Najla Boden Ramadan and her cabinet members declared property to the National Anti-Corruption Authority in accordance with the provisions of Law No. 46 of 2018 related to declaring gains and interests, combating illicit enrichment and conflict of interests.

Suspension of Tunisia’s membership in the Parliamentary Assembly of Francophonie

The Parliamentary Assembly of Francophonie announced on Thursday, “the suspension of the membership of the sections of Tunisia, Chad and Guinea, due to the political situation in these countries.”

The Assembly includes parliamentarians, representatives of parliaments and organizations from 90 countries, and submits its views and recommendations to the Permanent Council of the Francophone Organization and to the meeting of ministers and leaders of the Organization.

A statement by the association said, “A remote meeting of the organization’s office headed by Vice President, Francis Baudouin, took place on October 12, and looked at the democratic conditions in the countries of the francophone space, and reviewed the ongoing efforts in Lebanon, Armenia and Mali, and discussed the political situation in the countries of the francophone space in general, and reached a decision to suspend membership for the sections of the three mentioned countries, “according to the text of the statement.”

After the meeting of its executive office, the Ennahda movement praised the popular, political and human rights movement that refused to suspend the constitution and institutions, expressing its refusal to violate the constitutional formulas and procedures in the process of forming the government, which it considers the de facto government, the government of the unconstitutional order 117.

On Wednesday, October 14, 2021, the President of the Republic, kais Said, announced the withdrawal of the diplomatic passport from the former President of the Republic, Moncef Marzouki.

Former President Moncef Marzouki.

The President said, “You know how some people went abroad begging him to strike Tunisian interests… and I say it today… whoever did this his diplomatic passport will be withdrawn from him, because today he is among the enemies of Tunisia… There is no way that this privilege will be granted while he tours the capitals and meets a number of people to harm Tunisia.”

While former President Mohamed Moncef Marzouki responded to this in a Facebook post, in which he considered kais Said as a dictator who broke his oath in the constitution and called colonialism a protection.

In the same context, the official spokesman for the Court of Appeal, Habib Torkhani, stated that on Friday, October 15, 2021, an investigation was opened regarding the recent statements issued by the former President of the Republic, Moncef Marzouki in France.

Torkhani indicated, in a statement to the Tunis Africa News Agency, that the investigative research was opened, based on article 23 of the Penal Code, and based on the permission issued by the Minister of Justice and after the Public Prosecutor of the Court of Appeal authorized the Public Prosecutor at the Court of First Instance to do so.

A presidential decree dismissing the chief of the president of the parliament Rached Ghannouchi’s cabinet.

On Thursday, October 14, 2021, in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Tunisia, presidential orders were issued to end the duties of the chief of staff of the president of the parliament, Rashid Ghannouchi, and those assigned to a mission in the Bureau of Rashid Ghannouchi.

The European Union: The return of Parliament is a condition for restoring the confidence of the international community in Tunisia

“The Tunisian parliament cannot remain closed indefinitely,” said Josep Borrell, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.

During a session held by the European Parliament on Tuesday evening to discuss the current situation in Tunisia, Borrell said, “It is necessary for the future of Tunisia and for its internal and international credibility, that President Kais Saied and the Tunisian authorities, at all levels, restore the full constitutional and institutional order, including the work of Parliament.”

On Friday, Borrell called President Kais Saied, saying that he had “passed a clear message about the importance of preserving democratic gains, respecting the separation of powers and resuming the normal constitutional situation.”

He welcomed the formation of a new government, but called for giving it full powers in accordance with the constitution that the president suspended, adding, “We need a clear timetable, so that we return to normal constitutional provisions and we will closely follow the impact of decisions (taken by the president), based on concrete facts.”

Abir Moussi after being prevented from entering the cemetery of Bizerte

The head of the Free Constitutional Party, Abir Moussi, said that she was prevented from entering the martyrs’ cemetery in Bizerte to lay a wreath at the tombs of the martyrs.
She added that, as Tunisians, they have the right to enter the cemetery, noting that “the martyrs of the evacuation battles are the martyrs of the constitution,” according to her saying.

 "Open the door, these are martyrs of the constitution"

Abir Mousa

The delegation of the Coordination of Democratic Forces calls, during a meeting with Al-Taboubi, for the “necessity of a speedy return to the democratic system”

The delegation of the Coordination of Democratic Forces, in a meeting with the Secretary-General of the Tunisian General Labor Union, Noureddine Taboubi, called for the need for a speedy return to the democratic system, according to a statement issued by Tunisia’s horizons party.
The delegation insisted on the need to build a participatory path that provides the conditions for political stability to face the economic and social difficulties facing the country.
The delegation consisted of the Secretary-General of the Democratic Current, Ghazi Chawashi, the Secretary-General of the Republican Party, Issam Chebbi, the Secretary-General of the Bloc Khalil Al-Zawiya, and the head of the Tunisia’s horizons party, Fadel Abdel Kafi.

The arrest of Al-Mahdi bin Gharbia and a number of his employees, and the defense body’s denunciation

Mahdi Ben Gharbia, a Member of Parliament whose work has been suspended, said in a post on his Facebook account on Saturday, October 16, 2021, that police cars and security agents are surrounding his house.

After that, the spokesman for the defense of the frozen representative and businessman Mahdi bin Gharbia, Mr. Ahmed Sawab, told Mosaique on Saturday, October 16, 2021 that his client was taken to the National Guard barracks in Al-Aouina for questioning, stressing that they have no knowledge of the matter of the interrogation as a defense body.
The lawyer considered that there is a disproportion between the charges brought against his client by the National Guard teams and the tax teams.
It is noteworthy that the frozen deputy, Mahdi bin Gharbia, is accused in the case of bill fraud and money laundering, according to his lawyer, Mr. Ahmed Sawab, who said that he did not know whether the issue of arrest today is related to these cases or not.

Moez Youssfi, the first assistant of the prosecutor in the Court of First Instance in Sousse 1, confirmed that businessman Mahdi Ben Gharbia, as well as the administrative director and financial director of Gharbia’s company were retained.
The decision to keep, according to Al-Youssoufi, came in light of suspicions of financial and administrative corruption, according to a judicial report written by specialists on the occasion of a civil case before the Court of First Instance in Sousse.
Youssfi stated that the Public Prosecution of the Court of First Instance in Sousse undertook the matter and authorized the opening of an in-depth preliminary investigation and the second central division in Al-Aouina conducted legally appointed investigations, research and inductive work, and reviewed the Public Prosecution Office, which decided to retain those involved in the matter.

Libya

An international conference on Libyan territory with the participation of 31 countries to support stability in Libya… and a difference in the feasibility of the African Reconciliation Mission

The Libyan authority is organizing an international conference inside Libya with the participation of 31 countries, including the United States of America, the European Union, the United Nations, and the Arab League.
The conference is secured by the General Administration for the Protection of Diplomatic Missions of the Ministry of Interior, which means significant progress in the confidence of international envoys in the official Libyan authorities and their ability to impose security and calm within the cities and areas under their control, and of course, it is an uncomfortable situation for Haftar or Aguila and the House of Representatives. At the same time, and amid a difference of opinion on the ability of this initiative to achieve positive results, an official delegation of the African Union begins its trips and meetings with various Libyan parties at home and abroad in order to conduct reconciliation in a framework that does not exclude anyone. He is the President of Congo Brazzaville in achieving success counted for his term on this file.
This week, Libya will receive an exceptional event that has not happened during the past ten years, as the General Department for the Protection of Diplomatic Missions of the Ministry of Interior announced that 31 countries and international organizations will participate in the Conference to Support Stability in Libya, according to an illustration published by the Department, which includes the participants, the United Nations, the European Union, and the Arab League, the African Union, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt, Sudan, Malta, Chad, Niger, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the Emirates, Kuwait, Bahrain and Turkey, and the USA, Britain, the Netherlands, France, Spain, Germany, Italy, Greece, Switzerland, Russia, China, Congo Brazzaville and the Democratic Republic of the Congo will also participate in the conference.

The arrival of the delegations participating in the conference began, while the Department for the Protection of Diplomatic Missions indicated that security arrangements were put in place to secure the delegations by the Ministry of Interior and Diplomatic Security. It also published pictures of the deployment of the forces at the delegations’ residence sites and the way they traveled.
In the same context, an African mission for “reconciliation” arrives in Libya on the eve of an international conference on the initiative to stabilize a country surrounded by crisis and preparing to hold fateful elections after two months, Where the Congolese Foreign Minister, Brazzaville, announced that the President of his country, who is assigned by the African Union to the Libyan file, has dispatched a reconciliation mission to Libya, among the most prominent tasks of the mission is to collect information, conduct an assessment and reconciliation on the line of the process that is supposed to lead to the presidential elections scheduled for the end of the year. The delegation will meet with senior political and religious officials and active personalities in Tripoli, Benghazi, Tobruk, and Misrata, and will meet with Libyans in the diaspora in Cairo and Tunisia.
However, the mission that will return to Brazzaville to brief the President of Congo Brazzaville, who is in charge of the African Union with the Libyan file, and who will participate in a summit on Libya organized by France on November 12, varied the views of Libyan observers, between those who see that any move by the African Union in the Libyan file It will have a great impact, and others believe that it will be like the previous missions that will not make a breakthrough in the “thorny file.”
The head of the National Security Committee of the (outgoing) Libyan General National Congress, Dr. Abdel Moneim Al-Yasir, believes that the obstacles to achieving national reconciliation and getting Libya out of its crisis are armed militias and the presence of foreign forces and mercenaries and that the African mission should focus first on supporting the implementation of all the terms of the agreement The “5 + 5” committee, which provides for the exit of foreign forces and mercenaries from Libya, the dismantling of militias and the collection of weapons.
As for the Libyan political analyst, Kamel Al-Marash, he stressed that the African delegation constitutes a new mission to be added to the missions he said are “many in number, but with little impact,” noting that “the fate of this mission will not be different from its predecessors, and that the African Union lacks tools to pressure any party, but he can condemn the politically obstructing parties. Despite this, his presidency does not prefer this behavior in order to maintain its relations with all parties to the conflict in Libya.

The start of the work of international ceasefire monitors.. Serious discussions on the integration of the military and security institutions, Haftar faces US justice for war crimes.

In order to reach the hoped-for and desired status of the international community and the Libyan parties in order to reach next December, Libya is able to conduct parliamentary and presidential elections in a climate that will allow that process to be secure, fair and transparent. In order to achieve the slogan of the 5 + 5 Commission, without militias and mercenaries, international observer groups have begun to arrive and work on the ceasefire and the exit of foreign mercenaries from Libya. The process of the arrival of these groups to Tripoli and Sirte continues, Al-Manfi also met with the designated commander of Haftar’s forces, Lieutenant-General Abdel Razek Al-Nadori, in order to discuss the integration of the military institution and the mechanisms that must be taken and move forward in order to make the upcoming December elections successful, and it seems that this week was not good with General Khalifa Haftar, at the same time In which Tripoli and Sirte will receive delegations from 31 countries from around the world with the participation of the United States of America, the European Union, the United Nations and the Arab League, the general must go to Virginia in the United States of America to appear before the court and give his statements regarding the accusations and war crimes against him.
The Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for Libya, Jan Kubis, announced the start of the work of the first group of international monitors for the ceasefire in Tripoli on October 10, during the first period until the completion of arrangements related to their deployment in Sirte, and indicated in a letter to the members of the Military Committee The joint (5 + 5) team indicated that it is entrusted with the mission’s ceasefire monitoring elements with the task of providing support to the Libyan-led and controlling ceasefire monitoring mechanism, according to a photocopy of the letter published by the Director of the Moral Guidance Department at the General Command, Major General Khaled al-Mahjoub, and that the monitors will work in close cooperation with the Joint Military Committee (5+5) and the relevant Libyan parties under the Security Council resolution, and the United Nations’ support for Libyan efforts aimed at implementing the action plan in addition to unifying the military institution to advance the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration tracks in addition to reforming the security sector in Libya.

UN Secretary-General's Special Envoy for Libya, Jan Kubis

In a letter addressed to the President of the Security Council on August 6, the UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, expected the international organization to deploy an initial team of 10 observers that would work with the Joint Military Commission (5+5) to monitor the parties’ implementation of specific provisions of the ceasefire agreement. The headquarters of the advanced presence of this team will be in the capital, Tripoli, until the completion of security and logistical support arrangements, and other advanced arrangements from the mission in Sirte, where a maximum of 60 observers will be deployed in Sirte.
The Chairman of the Council, Muhammad Al-Manfi, also met, in the city of Tobruk, the commander in charge of Haftar’s forces, Lieutenant-General Abdel Razek Al-Nadori, and the meeting dealt with the important steps accomplished by the 5 + 5 Joint Military Committee in establishing the ceasefire, opening the coastal road, releasing detainees from various parties, and continuing work to unify the military institution, to contribute to the conduct of the upcoming elections, and to ensure its success.
With regard to the developments in the case against General Khalifa Haftar, the judge of the United States District court of Virginia, Leoni Brinkema, set a deadline of 28 October for Libyan military commander Khalifa Haftar to present his statement in the war crimes lawsuit. The judge again rejected Haftar’s defence of immunity against him, his argument that his answer to the prosecution’s questions would lead to the disclosure of Libyan State’s secrets. Haftar is accused in several federal lawsuits in Virginia of murder and torture during the civil war in Libya.

The Libyan Navy announces the rescue of 100 migrants and begins to end the procedures for forcible return to their countries

Europe is still using the security authorities of North African countries to play the role of policeman to protect the European coasts on the Mediterranean. This week, the Libyan navy announced the rescue of 100 irregular migrants of multiple African nationalities and preparations for their forcible return to their countries from which they left or fled as a result of economic and social conditions or Societal or political, and against their will, and the European countries decided to wash their hands of human rights violations, in exchange for more support for the stability of the governing authorities of North African countries, and the crimes against humanity of the “Kaniyat” militias supported by General Khalifa Haftar continue to pursue them with the continuation of the series of discovery Cemeteries, whether for extrajudicial executions or brutal torture that led to death, and two new sites were discovered this week, which contained 3 unidentified bodies that have not yet been identified.
The Libyan navy announced the rescue of 100 migrants of several African nationalities, north of Zuwara, western Libya.
The Libyan navy announced the rescue of 100 migrants of several African nationalities, north of Zuwara, western Libya.
The Information Office, headed by the Staff of the Libyan Naval Forces, stated that within the framework of humanitarian efforts and sovereign tasks to protect the Libyan coast, provide search and rescue services in the Libyan area of ​​responsibility, and save the lives of irregular migrants across the sea, the Libyan Coast Guard patrol boat was able to rescue the migrants who were on their way to the European shores aboard a rubber boat and a wooden boat. As soon as it received a distress call, the boat (the Zawiya) of the Zawiya sea point was moved after preparing the necessary capabilities for the rescue and recovery operation to the north of the Abu Kamash area in Zuwara, and as soon as the rescue operation was completed, the migrants were disembarked at the landing point at the Zawiya refinery. And handing them over to the competent authorities in Al-Zawiya. The Anti-Migration Agency, within the framework of its humanitarian role, will follow up the process of caring for these migrants and completing the procedures for their deportation to their countries.

Tarhuna, the city of mass graves, thanks to the “Kaniyat”

The General Authority for Search and Identification of Missing Persons announced that 3 unidentified bodies had been recovered from the 5 km agricultural project in Tarhuna, from new mass graves in the city of Tarhuna. This came after continuous explorations in the city, and after finding two sites, the teams of the General Authority for Searching and Identification of Missing Persons discovered two new sites, where a mass grave containing 2 unidentified bodies was found in the first site, and the second site an individual grave containing one unidentified body.
Earlier, the mayor of Tarhuna municipality revealed that the total of the bodies recovered from mass graves exceeded 340 since the city was liberated from the grip of the “Al-Kaniyat” elements supported by Haftar, and that only on the day of the city’s liberation, 119 bodies were recovered from the mortuaries of the General Hospital in Tarhuna, He explained that the number of recovered bodies is greater than the recorded number, due to the continued submission of reports from the families of the victims.

Regarding the latest developments in the spread of the virus in Egypt, Tunisia and Libya

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