Weekly newsletter

The weekly newsletters : from 11 to November 17

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The legislative power continues to be submissive to the executive power by enacting two new Laws 

During its plenary session this week, the legislative power continued to approve proposals submitted by the executive power, and the parliament approved the two proposals submitted by the government; the first revolved around the draft law on confronting epidemics and health pandemics and the second was a draft legislation for finance bill.
The Law on Confronting epidemics and health pandemics included giving the executive power the right to take any of the 25 measures including measures that violate the individual freedoms as well as the freedom to movement or assembly, despite the support of the parliament to the journalists and freedom of media during a discussion regarding article 5 of the law when the house of representative passes amendments to media and press law, however, on the other hand, the amended text stipulated “without prejudice to the provisions of Article 29 of the Press and Media Regulation Law No. 180 of 2018 and any penalty stipulated in another law”, which is the law that includes articles that violate freedom of expression and media.

The crisis of Acting professions’ syndicate resurfaces, and this time in parliament 

 This week, the parliament, clashed with the rulings of the Constitutional Court, through the media and culture committee, during a discussion of the draft law submitted by the government to amend Law No.35 of 1978 regarding the establishment of syndicates and the Federation of Syndicates of Acting, Film and Musical Professions, and granting judicial seizure by a decision of the Minister of Justice to some members representing the various artistic syndicates. However, this controversy had previously taken place between a group of independent artists and the syndicates of acting and musical professions in 2016, and the matter transformed into a judicial dispute, where the Administrative Court of Justice ruled that, the decisions of the Minister of Justice to grant some members of the Syndicates of Musical and Acting Professions the capacity to investigate crimes were invalid, and only three months ago, the Constitutional Court issued a ruling in Case No. 66, declaring Article (5 bis) of Law No. 35 of 1978 unconstitutional regarding the establishment of syndicates and the Federation of Syndicates of Acting, Film and Musical Professions, as amended by Law No. 8 of 2003.

Some time ago, the committee received representatives of the aforementioned syndicates, who insisted at the time on the idea of granting them the capacity to investigate crimes in their field, considering this as a weapon for them to confront depravity, particularly in the world of festivals, but what is interesting is that when the Media Committee headed by Representative Doria Sharaf El-Din discussed Article No.(70 bis) of the draft law on granting judicial control to the aforementioned syndicates, and which states that “The Minister of Justice, in agreement with the competent captain, issues a decision to determine those who have the status of judicial police in implementing the provisions of this law”, the same controversy occurred within the Committee, which prompted them to postpone the discussion of the article until representatives of the artistic syndicates attend.

Ratification of law on confronting pandemics and epidemics or an emergency law in disguise? 

New unified finance law in order to achieve a higher level of transparency

The executive power confines the decision relating to the increase in the minimum wages

The executive power continues to exercise pressure on the lower classes through unfair or contradictory policies and decisions, instead of raising the minimum wage, it raised fuel prices thrice this year, the decision to raise the minimum wage also included a set of exceptions, stripping the law of its logic, as it applies to a large percentage of institutions that include the largest number of workers in Egypt, the executive power also began to fight the most prevalent means of transportation in the various regions of the republic, by issuing a decision to stop importing its basic components from abroad, and thus directing them to enter the governmental project for minivans.

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry puts an end to “Tuk-Tuk”

Despite the lifting of the state of emergency, the State Security Emergency Court tries the “prisoners of hope” under the emergency law

Although the state of emergency in Egypt had already been lifted several weeks ago by a decision of the President of the Republic, the Emergency State Security Court had another decision, by ruling in prison and fining the detainees of the Hope Group and this verdict comes as a new embodiment of the court’s deliberate abuse by which the Egyptian regime targets the group known as “prisoners of hope” to become the best illustration of the political and human rights stage that Egypt is going through now and another evidence of the compliance of the judicial power in Egypt with the wishes of the executive power and its security services.

Epidemiological situation

The Egyptian Company for Metro Management and Operations announced that, the Ministry of Health has started preparing a number of kiosks to vaccinate citizens against the coronavirus, the official spokesperson for the company said.

Egypt’s government on Monday began implementing a decision not to allow workplace entry to state-sector employees who have not received a COVID-19 vaccine as a preventive measures taken by the state to limit the spread of the virus, and reduce any potential risks as a result of infection.

0 martyr
the number of doctors who have died in the fight against the Corona virus

The Ministry of Health announced that the total number that was registered in Egypt with the Corona virus is 339,335, including 284,366 cases that have been cured, and 19,186 deaths.


Rights Newsletter:

The Right to the Environment: “After Aqrab is not an estuary”, “”Al-Mahres is not an estuary”.

The local coordination “Al-Mahres is not an estuary” organized a protest and a march that started in front of the Mahras municipality to denounce the frequent statements made to the residents of Al-Mahres by officials of the Ministry of Environment to set up a waste treatment and valorization unit in the area of the Marzouk village in the delegation and to call on the Minister of Environment to abandon the idea of implementing this project, pointing that their rejection of this project is due to several natural, urban and geographical reasons.
The members of the Coordination of the “Al-Mahres is not an estuary” held the representatives of the Ministry of Environment and the National Agency for Waste Management fully responsible for what the situation might lead, in case of passing to the implementation of this project, despite the widespread popular rejection of it.

Italian waste file / Suspended MP Majdi Al-Kerbai: Tunisia is a dump of foreign scrap with official complicity!

Parliament member Majdi Al-Karbai confirmed in a Facebook post that he had obtained a document from the Calabria Court in Italy, which is part of a detection process for the “Endernegta” network that trades in waste, and among the countries to which, Tunisia’s waste has been exported.
The document states that estuaries were established to dispose of scrap waste, and these wastes entered Tunisia from a port 50 km away from Tunis, with the complicity of the ‘Ministry’.
Majdi Al-Karbaei called on the judiciary and the public prosecution to open an investigation into this process and to cooperate with the Italian authorities to uncover the circumstances of this case, pointing out that the research was carried out by the specialized teams to confront “organized crime.”

Al-Mahdi Bin Gharbia in prison: He continues his hunger strike and is transferred to the hospital after the deterioration of his sanitary condition.

On Saturday, the defense team of Al-Mahdi Bin Gharbia confirmed, in a statement, that their client has entered the second week of the hunger strike, which he has been waging since Friday evening, November 2021, in protest against depriving him of meeting his son periodically , in a direct visit without barriers, in the “Al-Masa’adin” prison, due to the ban imposed by the General Authority for Prisons and Reform, which operates under the supervision of the Minister of Justice, despite a permission from the investigative judge in charge of his case, according to the text of the communication.

Mahdi Ben Gharbia

The defence team explained that Ben Gharbia insists on continuing the hunger strike, “adhering to his right to his son’s visit, who has not yet reached the age of five and who lost his mother months ago.”

He affirmed as well, that he is also committed to the right of all prisoners to the principle stipulated in Article 30 of the Constitution, which stipulates that “the state, in implementing freedom-depriving penalties, must take into account the interests of the family.” As well as the rule of the best interest of the child adopted by the child code.

Mahdi Ben Gharbia thanked the Tunisian League for the Defense of Human Rights, the National Anti-Torture Authority, and all the free voices that supported his son’s right to visit him, declaring his intention to continue his strike until his legitimate demand is fulfilled.

Mr. Ahmed Sawab, a member of the defense team, told Business News yesterday, November 17, that his client had lost consciousness during the interrogation, which corresponds to the 12th day of his hunger strike, which necessitated his transfer to Farhat Hashad Hospital.

Report on irregular migration: 2483 minors arrive on the Italian coast, including 1922 unaccompanied children

In October, 1,470 irregular Tunisian migrants arrived on the Italian coast, including about 200 minors, reaching the number of Tunisian minors arriving in Italy during 2021 to 2,483 children, including 1,922 unaccompanied children, according to statistics published in the monthly report of the Tunisian Social Observatory of The Tunisian Forum for Economic and Social Rights. The October 2021 report on irregular migration, which was issued by the organization last Thursday, stated that 196 Tunisian minors arrived last month on irregular migration trips to the Italian coast, and they are divided into 134 minors accompanied and 62 unaccompanied. 

On the other hand, during October 2021, the Tunisian authorities thwarted 263 irregular migration operations and prevented about 2,740 irregular immigrants from reaching the Italian coasts, bringing the number of immigrants who have been prevented from crossing since the beginning of the current year to about 22,150 people, an increase of more than 86 percent compared to In the same period of 2020.

Abeer Moussi: “Saied” further devalued the battered political woman

The Free Constitutional Party confirmed that the Inter-Parliamentary Union contacted the party’s president, Abeer Moussi, and informed her that the file related to her repeated violence in Parliament, which has been submitted since February 2021 to the Parliamentarians’ Human Rights Committee, will be considered during the union’s current session, which will be held from November 26 to November 30, 2021

It also considered that the head of the existing authority (the President of the Republic)  had repeatedly reduced women’s political status and deliberately unhelped Abeer Mousi as he refused to protect her despite his knowledge in advance of the preparations for violence on the June 30, 2021 incident. as well as flotation of violence through equality between the victim and the aggressor when justifying his resort to taking exceptional measures, which encouraged the commission of such heinous crimes after July 25, 2021.

The party added in a statement issued on Thursday, that Moussi will continue to defend her rights, in accordance with the national laws in force and the international conventions concluded by the Tunisian State.

And it accused the president of the Parliament with suspended activities, of misrepresenting his previous correspondence with the committee to justify and whitewash the practices carried out by his violent arms in order to exonerate them and turn the executioner into a victim, according to the statement.

Al Kamour Coordination to Kais Saied: Where are your promises to the youth of Tataouine?

The official spokesperson for the El Kamour sit-in, Tariq El-Haddad, confirmed in a video posted on the official page their dissatisfaction with the government’s lack of respect for the terms of the November 2020 agreement signed by the government delegation and the negotiating delegation representing the state of Tataouine and related, in part, to dropping all charges related to the Kamour protests since 2017 following the summoning of a number of young people to appear before the security and judicial units. 

The official spokesman also directed inquiries to the President of the Republic, Kais Saied, about his lack of interaction with the demands of the youth of the region, especially since he had previously received them at the Carthage Palace, where he insisted to pay the necessary attention to the issues of the region, while during his tenure, the issues moved against the youth participating in the protests since 2017, while the agreement signed with the government It forces the authorities to abandon the security tracking against them

The official spokesman stated that the youth had given the government a deadline on November 20, 2021, before entering into a series of protests and closing all outlets leading to the petroleum companies in the region.

Ibrahim Bouderbala: The judiciary is in its worst period

The Dean of Lawyers, Ibrahim Bouderbala, said in a statement to Mosaique Radio on Tuesday, November 16, that the Minister of Justice has not yet consulted with the authority regarding the Supreme Judicial Council project, stressing that the Authority will not accept the lack of consultation with lawyers and all professional structures on the project because the judiciary is not only concerned with judges.

He pointed out that the official structures of the profession of lawyers are not represented in the Council and they cannot be held accountable by the people of the profession, since this representation took place through direct election, which prevents accountability according to his estimation.

And, He said, “The Minister of Justice must gather all parties and consult them in preparing the new law for the Supreme Judicial Council. An agreement between all parties will shorten the deadlines, but not consulting the concerned parties, this is something we do not accept.”

the National Authority for the Prevention of Torture: “We regret the continued restrictions on freedom to demonstrate.”

In a statement, the National Authority for the Prevention of Torture expressed regret at the continued restrictions on the freedom to demonstrate “and at the attempt to impede the access of citizens to the place of protest in various ways, such as blocking entry points, disrupting traffic, and partially closing the road, following most of the protest stops that have occurred in recent weeks. The most recent was the protest that took place Sunday in Bardo.

Regarding visits to places of detention, the Authority confirmed its refusal to restrict access to them and to its members when visiting certain places of deprivation of liberty, in particular security centers, expressing “its denunciation of the provocation of some of its members or the attempt to prevent them from entering certain public facilities, including the courts.”


In this context, it called on the security authorities and the public procurators to “put an end to such abuses and to ensure that they do not recur.”

6 months imprisonment for a blogger accused of insulting the President of the Republic

Last Friday, the Military Court of Appeals in Tunis sentenced blogger Salim Jebali, owner of the “Minister of Blood Pressure and Diabetes” page, to six months in prison on charges of insulting the presidency and the security establishment.

The appeals court cut the sentence in half after the permanent military court in El Kef sentenced him to a full year in prison about a month ago.

Salim al-Jabali spent a month and a week of his sentence during the trial phases between El Kef and Mornaguia prisons.

Political Newsletter 

Sami Al-Tahri: The Labor Union adheres to dialogue to get out of the current crisis

The official spokesman for the Tunisian General Labor Union, Sami Al-Tahri, affirmed that “the organization adheres to dialogue as the best formula to get out of the current crisis.”

In a dialogue with the Press, published on Tuesday, 16 November 2021, Al-Tahri stressed the need for “a new programme of action based on national minimum consensus and shared responsibility rather than power-sharing.”

Tahari added that it was time to clarify the road map and proceed with the implementation of its provisions, since, at his discretion, the waiting period was long.

The spokesman of the Labor Union acknowledged that “the political arena cannot afford this vacuum.”

Al-Nahda denounces the prevention of demonstrators from reaching the capital and assaulting them

In a statement this evening, Al-Nahda confirmed that the Democratic Initiative, parliamentarians, and lawyers against the coup today organized a march “in defense of the Constitution, democracy, the legislature and the independence of the judiciary. They followed all the procedures required by law in their organization and obtained full consent. But the authority, instead of respecting the law and what it pledged, rushed to try to prevent this demonstration.”

The movement confirmed in its statement that “the demonstrators were prevented from reaching the capital by stopping cars on national roads and motorways and at extraction stations, disrupting the interests of citizens, seizing the papers of some cars, and forcing them to return to where they came from, and security points were activated in the regions to prevent citizens from gathering in numbers in closed roads,

Also, travel agencies were prevented from renting buses and public transportation was disrupted by various means. Some citizens protesting against this restriction on the roads were also taken to security centers and persecuted.

The demonstrators were prevented from reaching Bardo Square through the barriers that closed all the entrances leading to the square, with a very heavy security presence. An attempt was made to dismember the march, forcing the demonstrators to be in separate groups, preventing those in charge of the demonstration from setting up a platform to deliver speeches, seizing the truck prepared for speeches, and seizing all audio equipment, “according to the text of the statement.

Sunday, November 14: Between restrictions on freedom of demonstration and misleading stories of the ministry of the interior

On Sunday, November 14, demonstrators headed to the suspended parliament headquarters, waving the start of a sit-in in its vicinity, amid a heavy security presence.

Bardo Square, in the vicinity of the suspended parliament, witnessed a stampede between security forces and demonstrators wishing to advance to the vicinity of the parliament.

Jawhar bin Mubarak, a member of the Citizens Against the Coup Campaign, announced the start of an open sit-in in the vicinity of Parliament.

For her part, Samira Chaouachi, a leader in the “Heart of Tunisia” party and vice-president of the Assembly of People’s Representatives, said – in statements to “Mosaique” radio – that the protesters will enter an open sit-in, in “20 March Street” in Bardo, near the parliament building, until the security barriers are removed and access to its square.

On the other hand, the Ministry of the Interior said that its security units were able to seize a number of people among the demonstrators, carrying white weapons of different sizes and shapes, to then publish pictures of spoons, nail scissors, and others, to anger the pioneers of social networking sites.

The same ministry also confirmed, according to what was reported by Radio Mosaique, that the number of those present at the vigil in Bardo reached around one o’clock in the afternoon, Sunday, November 14, 2021, about 1,000 people. To decline at a later time and evaluate the number of about 3,500 people.

The Free Constitutional Party considers the issuance of the amending finance law by a presidential decree to be a “stowaway” passage

Following the issuance of the “Amendment Finance Law of 2021” decree in the Official Gazette on November 16, 2021, the Free Constitutional Party denounced, in a communication, the issuance of the aforementioned decree “surreptitiously” without prior discussion or organizing a media point to present it and explain its content to public opinion, or even attach it to an explanatory note of its provisions.

The party considered that this vertical interaction between the authority and the people is an insult to Tunisians and a desire to turn them into subjects in light of absolute rule and the absence of oversight mechanisms and the confiscation of the right to appeal before the judiciary, according to the text of the statement.

It warned “the head of the existing authority against adopting this unilateral authoritarian method and from adopting the method of surprise to issue decrees that affect the liberties and rights acquired by society.” Or formulating tailored texts in the political and electoral field to achieve a personal political project under the cover of reforms.

It also confirmed that it continues to play its oversight role as a national opposition party that represents an important segment of the Tunisian people and retains all its rights to effective political action with accordance to the law to prevent the deviation of power and to confront all forms of perversion and deception of public opinion.


The High Council of State denounces some international meddling and rejects the law approved by the House of Representatives and adopted by the High Elections Commission

The US ambassador to Libya, met with the head of the High National Elections Commission, and stressed that the United States will continue to support the efforts of the High National Elections Commission to ensure the security and integrity of the voting process in the upcoming elections, and in another meeting the US envoy met with a number of presidential election candidates, in the presence of Presidential Council member Moussa al-Koni, the British ambassador, the French ambassador, the ambassador, and representatives of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya.

During this meeting, we discovered some indications that reflect the American‘s clear role in supporting the elections, as the list of names that were invited from the candidates and political figures were all in favor of conducting the electoral process on time, and no political party with a different point of view was invited, and some sources considered that this is a clear message to all parties and political figures in Libya who refuse to hold the elections on time.

Pertaining to those meetings held by the US envoy and some ambassadors of Western countries with candidates for the presidential elections and, the head of the High Elections Commission, and their showing of support to hold the elections on their scheduled date next December, the High Council of State refuses to hold elections in accordance with the laws approved by the House of Representatives and adopted by the High Elections Commission, in a statement, the council said that the role of the international community is to help create a state of consensus among Libyans only, and not to monopolize the political process, stressing that the political process is a purely relating to Libya, the Council considered that the real hindrance to holding the elections is the one who issued flawed and unconstitutional laws, and everyone who dealt or supported these abuses, calling for more consultations to reach an acceptable consensual process, and that the Council adheres to the political agreement, Security Council resolutions and the outcomes of the Berlin conferences, and it calls on the international community and the United Nations mission to make more efforts to support consensus on the electoral process and to hold successful and acceptable elections, denouncing the disregard for the dispute over these laws in the Presidential Council and the House of Representatives.

US Envoy US Ambassador to Libya Richard Norland

In a press conference held in Istanbul and organized by the Center for Diplomacy and International Relations, Khaled Al-Mashri, President of the Supreme Council of State, declared that the elections scheduled for December 24 next year are likely to be postponed for a period of three months, in order to agree on electoral laws, he also stated that the USA and other countries considered that if these electoral laws allow the conduct of the elections then this is acceptable however if a need for amendment may arise, then there’s no problem in doing so, adding that Turkey and Italy do not support holding elections under defective laws, as they consider it will lead to war and the division of the country.

Surprises of presidential election candidates, and relentless efforts to hold the elections on time by consensus of all parties. The Electoral Commission adopts the list of exclusion and blocking, and annulment of results

The news of Saif al-Islam Gaddafi’s candidacy was trending on websites and newspapers around the world and inside Libya, and different reactions emerged about the eligibility of his candidacy, as he is wanted by the International Criminal Court, in addition to the internal cases before the Libyan judiciary, and some military battalions also refused to accept the candidacy of Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, and there are cities that refuse to hold elections because of his candidacy, which made the Presidential Council declare to the media its general position on all candidates for the position of head of state, On the other hand, there has been controversy over the eligibility of Libyan Prime Minister Abdel Hamid Dabaiba to run for the position of head of state, especially since he had pledged that he would not aim for any higher position after ending the current political stage, however, all indications in the past few days suggest that Abdul Hamid al-Dabaiba intends to run in the upcoming elections.

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi

The total number of candidates for the election of the House of Representatives in all electoral districts has increased to 826, according to the daily report for the registration of candidates issued by the High National Elections Commission, the 11th constituency topped the list of constituencies that registered the most candidacy applications, with 100 applications for candidacy, including 14 applications submitted by women, while the fifth and seventh constituencies were at the bottom of the list, receiving only 36 candidacy applications, the Commission warned that accepting applications for candidacy at the headquarters of the Commission is considered as a preliminary acceptance only, to conduct an audit of the data and refer the files to the competent authorities to consider their validity or not.

The commission announced in a statement issued officially the acceptance of Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi’s papers, after completing all the necessary papers and procedures, and submitting his candidacy documents to the Sebha Electoral Management Office and received his electoral card.

In an interview with Reuters news agency, the head of the Libyan Presidential Council, Muhammad al-Manfi, revealed that there are serious steps being taken in Libya towards holding the upcoming elections, and his optimism that there will be timely elections with the consensus of the Libyans, and that there are serious steps to hold the elections on time in a democratic, transparent and acceptable manner for all Libyans, so that the Libyan state receives an elected legitimate authority, on the other hand, during the announcement of the establishment of the National Youth Council, the Prime Minister announced that the decision to run for elections is in the hands of the Libyan people, and that he will announce his decision on running for the upcoming presidential elections at the crucial moment, moreover he described the electoral law as flawed, and tailored to fit specific people, and that he stressed at the Paris conference the need for a constitutional basis to be agreed upon in the country.

While the Libyan High National Elections Commission announced the adoption of the list of exclusion and blocking, and the cancellation of the attached results, according to a decision issued by the commission and, in a statement, it clarified that this regulation stipulates that the High Elections Commission is the only legal authority to take all measures related to exclusion, blocking, and canceling the results of polling centers and stations. The provisions of this regulation include all polling centers and polling stations inside and outside the country, and every facility related to the electoral process, and the regulation confirms the right of the High Commission to cancel the polling results, in whole or in part, for one of the polling stations, based on reports that documented violations before the results primary.

The continued exit of foreign fighters from Libyan territory before the December elections

Syrian opposition activists announced that a group of members of the Syrian armed factions loyal to Turkey had left Libya and returned to their homeland, and the “Syrian Observatory for Human Rights” stated that about 140 militants returned to Syria on board Turkish planes coming from Libya, this is after a halt of about 15 days in the transfers of Syrian militants to and from Libya, and Turkey has not replaced them with other militants in Libya so far, and the “Observatory” had previously reported in early November that 150 militants had returned to Syria from Libya with “leaves”. The observatory pointed out that hundreds of militants are still waiting to be allowed to go from Libya to Syria on “Leave”, while hundreds of others are waiting to be transferred to Libya!

After 37 years, a British court ordered the participation of a leader in the former Libyan regime in the murder of a British policewoman

A British court ruled that the leader of the former regime, Saleh Ibrahim Al-Mabrouk, was jointly responsible for the murder of policewoman “Constable Yvonne Fletcher”, who was killed in the 1984 shooting, outside the Libyan embassy in London, and a  British police officer Constable Yvonne Fletcher, 25, was killed when men armed with automatic rifles fired from the windows of the Libyan embassy in London at protesters who had gathered outside the building. A former classmate of Fletcher has filed a civil lawsuit against Saleh Ibrahim al-Mabrouk, as part of a decades-long battle, to bring justice to the slain police officer. Lawyers for the dead woman argued that while Mabrouk did not fire any shots, he was instrumental in plotting to use violence during the anti-government protest, and the Supreme Court judge ruled that there was sufficient evidence to support that Mabrouk was an active participant in the decision to respond to the protest against Gaddafi by shooting The protesters, after a three-day trial.

The leader in the previous regime, Saleh Ibrahim

Saleh Ibrahim al-Mabrouk, who was not involved in court proceedings, previously denied involvement in Fletcher’s death when he was arrested in 2015 in London before he was later released, while London’s Metropolitan Police said in 2017 that charges could not be brought because the main evidence remained confidential for reasons of national security.

Forced return of 191 irregular migrants to their countries

The Coast Guard managed to rescue 191 irregular migrants of African nationalities who were on their way to Europe, and the Coast Guard explained that it received the distress call of the migrants from the middle of the sea, they were stuck on two boats, one rubber and one wooden. The Coast Guard added that migrants had been handed over to the Anti-Irregular Migration Service, to follow up their care and to complete their deportation.

0 irregular migrants
of African nationalities who were on their way to Europe

Notable Turkish economic activity in the capital Tripoli and the return of cruises between the Misurata marine station and the port of Izmir after a four-decade hiatus

Tarhuna, the land of the missing, and the head of the fact-finding mission announces the existence of war crimes

The field teams specialized in the management of the search for remains of the General Authority for Searching and Identification of Missing Persons, exhumed two unidentified bodies from two sites in Tarhuna city and the exploration teams continue to work on the rest of the reports received by the Authority.

The head of the fact-finding mission in Libya, Muhammad Ujar, confirmed that the mission could not provide what he called those involved in the crimes so far, noting that there is evidence of the recruitment of Syrian children in the Libyan conflict, and that the air strikes killed dozens of families, as was the destruction of infrastructure. Health care has affected access to health care, as civilians were killed and injured by anti-personnel mines left by mercenaries in residential areas.

Regarding the latest developments in the spread of the virus in Egypt, Tunisia and Libya

This post is also available in: Arabic

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