Weekly newsletter

The weekly newsletters : from 18 to November 24

Egypt

Legislative and judicial power at the service of the security services of the executive power and the values of the Egyptian family

The main purpose of listing terrorist entities and terrorists is to impose precautionary measures, which are applied to some terrorist suspects, but the current application of these measures is gradually turning into a punitive tool. This is what happened and is still happening in the case of prolonged pre-trial detention, and this listing has many consequences on the listed person, namely the inclusion on the lists of travel bans and anticipation of arrival, or preventing a foreigner from entering the country, withdrawing or canceling the passport, or preventing the issuance of a passport, and freezing the terrorist’s funds whenever they are used in the terrorist’s activity.

Article 98, paragraph 2 of the Penal Code stipulates that “a penalty of imprisonment for a period of no less than 6 months and not exceeding 5 years, or a fine of no less than 500 pounds and no more than 1000 pounds, shall be imposed on whoever exploits the religion in promoting or advocating verbally, in writing, or by any other means. Another means of extremist ideas, with the intent of provoking sedition or contempt for one of the heavenly religions or the sects belonging to it, or harming national unity.”, In this context, Egyptian personalities and even former members of the Egyptian Parliament demanded the abolition of this article as “contrary to the international human rights covenants ratified by Egypt, as well as the freedom of belief and expression.” Among the most recent figures to be sentenced to prison terms under this article is Islamic scholar Islam Beheiri, who was sentenced to five years in prison in 2015 on charges of contempt of Islam, while the sentence was reduced for a year and then a presidential pardon was issued later on.

The State Security Prosecution releases journalist Ahmed Shaker, and the terrorist circles renew the imprisonment of hundreds of citizens

Journalist Ahmed Shaker

Tik Tok girl Haneen Hosam: victim of Egyptian family customs, from advertising and profiteering on Tik Tok to trafficking

Haneen Hossam

International concern over the situation of refugees and human rights activists in Egypt

The United Nations experts expressed concern that this group of asylum seekers was subjected to what appears to be arbitrary detention for more than two years instead of being granted protection, and forcibly returned to Eritrea without any individual assessment of the violations they may face upon their return, the experts indicated that “Egypt would be complicit” if this group of Eritreans were subjected to human rights violations upon their return to Eritrea, the UN experts urged the Egyptian government to immediately halt the deportation of the three Eritrean asylum-seekers who remain in detention, and to review its policy of expelling Eritrean nationals without any risk assessment, despite the significant risks of arbitrary detention, disappearance, torture and ill-treatment in Eritrea.

Sawiris’ statements about the militarization of the economy is it a call among businessmen to confront the military establishment economically?

Naguib Sawiris

Hani Shaker turns the Syndicate of Musical Professions into a tool for repression and prevention

Hani Shaker

epidemiological situation 

The Bani Mazar Misdemeanor Court in Minya sentenced 3 defendants to 3 years in prison on charges of embezzlement and damage to public money, and their involvement in the discovery of quantities of Corona vaccines, lying on the side of the canal of the village of Abshaq in the center of Bani Mazar, north of Minya, last October.

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who passed away in the fight against the Corona virus , according to the Egyptian Medical Syndicate page.

The Ministry of Health announced that the total number that was registered in Egypt with the Corona virus is 352123, including 293,374 cases that have been cured, and 20052 deaths.

Tunisia

Journalists Syndicate: The policy of systematic blackout violates the right of access to information

President of the Syndicate of Journalists, Mohamed Yassine  Al-Jelassi, confirmed, during his supervision of a workshop on “The Right to Access to Information”, that journalists face many difficulties in obtaining information, especially during the exceptional period. In addition, there is a

Adnan Al-Aswad: “There is no talk about fighting corruption without supporting the right of access to information.”

Adnan Al-Aswad, Vice president of the Access to Information Authority, said, “There is no talk about fighting corruption without supporting the right to access information, and there is no stability or efficiency in the work of the authority without issuing urgent orders,” according to a statement to Al-Sabah newspaper issued today, November 23, 2021.

Al-Aswad called on the Head of the government “Najla Boden” to expedite as much as possible the completion of the issuance of the authority’s regulatory texts in order to activate the rest of the requirements of the law on access to information in its various aspects.

Meanwhile, the President of the Republic, Kais Saied, called for preserving the gains made for the Tunisian citizens in the field of the culture of access to information and strengthening the principles of transparency with regard to managing public affairs and disposing of public utilities.

Adnan Al-Aswad expressed his dissatisfaction with the number of public institutions that did not comply with the decisions of the authority issued against them in the field of consolidating the citizen’s right to access information, such as the Sakiet El-Zeit municipality in Sfax and the ministries of equipment, industry, environment and others.

Tunisia: Court ruling in favor of “Al-Zaytouna” channel and “Holy Quran” radio station.

Omar Hanin, spokesman for the Court of First Instance in the Ben Arous Governorate (south of the Tunisian capital), announced today, Tuesday, that the court had decided to lift the seizure of the equipment of the private “Zaytouna” channel, which automatically means a reversal of the ruling issued for the benefit of the Independent High Authority for Visual Communication (HAICA) and the possibility of Return of the channel to broadcast again. He also announced that the court had decided to lift the seizure of the equipment of the Holy Qur’an broadcasting, which means that it will return to broadcasting again, while the court upheld the decision of HAICA with regard to seizing the equipment of the private “Nessma TV” channel and cutting off its broadcasts.

The Syndicate of Journalists condemns the incitement against the workers on covering the “Aqrab estuary” file

On Thursday (November 18th), the National Syndicate of Tunisian Journalists, issued a statement condemning the incitement against journalists working to cover the events that took place in the Aqrab region of Sfax governorate.

Where a civil society activist on Facebook made serious accusations against the journalists of spreading sedition and discrimination and considered that they had entered into a “false war” in relation to the issue of the “Aqrab” waste dump.

The civil activist published the post on the page of the journalist, “Amir Al-Saadawi”, directly putting his physical safety and the safety of his colleagues working on the coverage of the events in the “Aqrab” area under threat.

Where the National Syndicate of Tunisian Journalists condemned the speeches of distortion and incitement that some activists engaged in against working journalists on covering the “Aqrab waste dump” file and the risks and retaliatory reactions that could result from it, it demanded the aggressor formally apologize to the field journalists in the state of Sfax, while preserving their right to follow him legally.

A new presidential decree opens the wound of the unemployed in Tunisia

The Tunisian president’s decision not to activate a law requiring the employment of thousands of unemployed people with higher degrees caused a wave of anger among this group, which saw this as a violation of the state’s pledges and a contradiction in the actions of the president, who had previously signed the law and ordered its publication in the country’s official gazette.

On July 29, 2020, the Tunisian parliament, by a majority of 159 deputies, approved an additional chapter in the Finance Bill for the year 2021 to allocate funds to finance the recrutement of 10,000 unemployed graduates whose unemployment period has reached 10 years in accordance with Law No. 38 issued on 13 August 2020 relating to exceptional provisions for assignment in the public sector.

The Labor Union: The case of Al-Daimi against Al-Tahri is targeting the organization

Today, Monday, November 22, 2021, the spokesman of the Tunisian General Labor Union, Sami Tahiri, confirmed that the case brought against him by Imad Daimi the head of the Monitoring Observatory against him is not a personal one, but rather a targeting of the labor union.

Al-Tahri explained, in a statement to Mosaique, that a summons was received at the office of the union in his statute, as an assistant secretary-general in the labor organization and he did not receive it in his residence.

Al-Tahri stated that when he commented on Al-Daimi’s post that targeted the union, he was as a spokesman for the union, in charge of media in his executive office, and charged with defending the interests of the organization and its image.

Al-Tahri also stressed that the gathering of a number of the union’s sons, unions and members of its extended administrative body today in front of the Palace of Justice in Tunis is not aimed at putting pressure on the judiciary, but rather it is only in support of the labor organization.

Spokesperson for the Tunisian General Labor Union, Sami Tahiri

The death of the wife of the leader of the Ennahda movement, Imad Khamiri

She passed away this morning, Wednesday, November 24, 2021, the wife of the leader of the Ennahda movement, Imad Khamiri. As a reminder, Imad Khamiri had previously issued a call of panic because he was prevented from social coverage after the decision of the President of the Republic, Kais Saied, to freeze the work of Parliament, and at the time held the responsibility to the responsible authorities headed by the President of the Republic, Kais Saeid, denouncing the targeting of MPs and their families, and wrote a post on November 4, 2021:

The leader of the Ennahda movement, Imad Khamiri

The head of state decides 17, not 14

The President of the Republic, Kais Saied, announced during his presidency of the Council of Ministers today, Thursday, November 18, 2021, at the Carthage Palace, that the Revolution Day is on December 17, not on January 14, which he considered the date of its abortion.

Al-Nahda: “Securities attacked us, and we will sue them…”

In a statement today, Friday, November 19, 2021, Ennahda expressed its condemnation of the arrest of a number of participants in the protest on November 14 in Bardo Square.

In this context, it said, “Many violations occurred to Tunisians, including supporters of the movement, when they participated in the protest on November 14 condemning the coup and calling for the return of parliamentary life and respect for the independence of the judiciary.”

And it added in its statement, “We witnessed transgressions that we thought we had broken with them once and for all, such as abuse of demonstrators, assaulting their physical sanctity, insulting them and holding them accountable because of their political affiliation, and attacking the Ennahda movement and its leaders.” All of this was from security parties, the Freedom and Dignity Revolution restored them to their dignity and freed them from the policy of instructions and their compulsion to transgress the law; So, the coup system brings them back to the same square of exploitation and employment and implicates them in documented abuses that require legal follow-up.. and we announce the assignment of our legal office to track all violations and pursue all perpetrators before the judiciary..’

Deleting the Ministry of Local Affairs and attaching its functions to the Ministry of the Interior

Today, in the Official Gazette, a presidential order was issued to delete the Ministry of Local Affairs and attach its functions and structures to the Ministry of Interior.

The presidential order stipulates that the Loan Fund, Local Communities Assistance, and the Training and Decentralization Support Center are subject to the supervision of the Ministry of the Interior. It was stated that the provisions of this presidential order shall enter into force as of October 11, 2021, the date the government of Najla Boden assumed its duties, which means about a month and a half ago.

Libya

The High National Elections Commission: Amid accusations of not being impartial, it plays its legal role in examining candidacy applications, publishing the list of those excluded, and the role of the judiciary to resolve the file of those excluded

The High Elections Commission published the preliminary list of candidates for the presidential elections, as well as the list of excluded candidates, which included 25 candidates who did not meet the conditions for running for the presidential elections, according to what was stated in the responses of the Attorney General, the head of the Criminal Investigation Agency, and the head of the Passports and Nationality Authority, based on the articles of Law No. (1) ) for the year 2021 AD regarding the election of the Head of State, and the Commission accepted the papers of 73 candidates out of a total of 98 who applied to run for the presidential race, noting to stakeholders that the period of appeals as indicated in Article (48) of the President’s Election Law and the determination of his powers, indicates that the appeal against the procedures and decisions of the Commission shall be within the specified legal period.

The list of those excluded included various legal reasons and bases, which differed according to the different applicants and those who were excluded. Unlike Articles 17 and 10 of the Presidential Election Law No. 1 of 2021, Articles 2 and 11 of the Presidential Elections Law No. 1 of 2021 were also found.

Senior Adviser for Political Affairs, US Department of State

We have contacted our sources within the Commission, who assured us that the candidates whose initial candidacy applications were accepted and among whom there were many personalities, are also subject to Article (11) related to the number of recommendations required, moreover we contacted Some of the personalities who were excluded from the preliminary list for the presidential elections, and we confirmed that some of them were surprised by the grounds on which the High Elections Commission relied in rejecting their requests, especially those who were rejected due to the presence of judicial rulings in a felony against them and what led the parties to question the impartiality of Resolution No. 79 regarding the refusal to accept the applications of a number of candidates, is to obtain the precedent-free document for all candidates.

In a related context, during before the Security Council, the Senior Adviser for Political Affairs at the US State Department said that interference in the Libyan elections or the use of violence may lead to the Security Council imposing sanctions, adding that the threat to boycott the elections will not promote peace, and the Security Council should hold accountable those who obstruct it, and the outgoing UN envoy, Jan Kubis, earlier said in his intervention before the Security Council that Libya is experiencing a fragile political stage, and failure to hold elections may lead to disputes and conflicts, and that an agreement was reached between Libyan parties on constitutional ground and also said that the final results of the Libyan elections will be announced simultaneously, and that the judiciary has the last word regarding the electoral process.

We also monitored part of the content of the famous meeting, which the US ambassador held with some presidential candidates and political figures, that the general trend of the US State Department is to push strongly towards the elections, and that any obstruction to the electoral entitlement will be subjected to a real international siege.

After the sudden resignation of the UN envoy, will the 5 + 5 committee be the appropriate political alternative in case of obstructing the elections?

The Libyan 5 + 5 Military Committee is holding a meeting in Tunisia, to discuss the withdrawal of mercenaries and foreign forces from the country and the number of mercenaries in Libya is estimated, according to the latest statistics of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and other sources, to be at 23,000 armed men from Libya’s southern neighbors, in addition to Syrians. The “5 + 5” committee, during that tour, aims to approve the plan to remove mercenaries from Libya, and the committee will also identify and count the parties that obstruct deportations or funding, in preparation for the call for international sanctions against them by the Security Council, and demand guarantees from representatives of countries for a greater deportation and according to a specific timetable, that will happen before the general elections in the country on December 24, next.
It is worth noting the committee’s meeting in early November in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, in the presence of representatives from Chad, Niger and Sudan, to cooperate in order to expel the armed men of their nationalities from Libya and return to their country again. Libyan territory.

Jan Kubic

In the same context, we monitored the desire of some political parties to present the 5 + 5 committee as a political solution in case the current electoral process fails to bring out a new authority in Libya, this proposal comes in the 5 + 5 committee assuming the leadership of the state in order to unify it and create a consensual atmosphere to reach elections whose results are acceptable to all the influential parties in the Libyan arena.
The sudden resignation of the United Nations envoy in Libya, which put the UN roadmap in a critical position, and revealed scenarios, some of which may be “catastrophic.”, the resignation of veteran UN envoy Jan Kubis, which comes hours after the end of candidacy for the first presidential elections in Libya’s history, and a month before the next constitutional duel, will leave a power gap, and warns that the withdrawal may be an indication that things are collapsing Behind the scenes, and despite the sudden resignation accepted by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, UN spokesperson Stephane Dujarric said that Kubis will remain in his position for the time being, and that he intends to brief the Security Council on developments in Libya, and that Kubis will not leave and leave the task pending. However, Kubis’s move and the statements of the UN official, which Libyan analysts attributed to scenarios run by the Brotherhood and political Islam, undermined the role of the resigned envoy, and pushed him to that step for fear of the fate that might await the political process in Libya.
The reason for his resignation may be his strong desire to enter the election race in his country, and it seems that he preferred not to be held accountable for what the elections will lead to and to ensure that he preserves the image of the UN envoy who brought Libya to the elections.

Libyan Women in the presidential election

The Libyan Electoral Commission closed the previous Monday evening, the stage of submitting files for candidacy for the presidential elections, amid a heavy turnout. The number of applicants for the commission reached 98 candidates, representing different political stripes and geographical regions, including two women, who stormed the race, namely Laila Ben Khalifa, and Hunaida al-Mahdi, despite their ambitions for the presidency of Libya, they do not have a long record in political practice, but the goal of women’s representation will motivate the acceptance of their files on the final list, Leila bin Khalifa, who was the first lady who filed her candidacy file, born in 1975, and holds a master’s degree in business management and holds a diploma in diplomatic and consular consultations, and heads the National Movement Party. As for Hunaida Muhammad al-Mahdi, she is a researcher in human development, economic and social sciences, and in 2017, she held the position of director at the Libyan Investment Authority, and has so far headed the management of the “First Care” center to train medical personnel, and hold several certificates in the field of investment and training.

Must stop the drowning and the forcible deportation of irregular migrants to their countries in Libya

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of different African nationalities.

The local office of the International Organization for Migration announced the death of more than 75 migrants who were heading to Europe on a boat in the Mediterranean off the coast of Libya, she added that more than 1.3 thousand people on average died this year, and in a related context, the Libyan Coast Guard announced the rescue of 235 irregular migrants of different African nationalities. The agency explained in a statement that he handed over the migrants to the competent authorities in the city of Al-Zawiya, without giving further details…He pointed out that the rescue operation comes within the framework of his humanitarian role in the process of caring for these migrants and completing the procedures for their safe deportation to their countries.

Tarhuna: The number of “Kaniyat” mass graves has reached 80

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the total number of recovered bodies had exceeded

The General Authority for Search and Identification of Missing Persons announced that 3 unidentified bodies had been recovered from new mass graves in the city of Tarhuna, after discovering a new site with new graves known as “al-Qabinah” on Abdali Road, Tarhuna. The General Authority for Search and Identification of Missing Persons has extracted 3 unidentified bodies from a mass grave, and the authority noted that the exploration teams are continuing to work on the rest of the reports received by the authority, bringing the number of bodies extracted from the city’s liberation from the grip of the “Al-Kaniyat” elements supported by Haftar, to 246 dead body, and earlier, a spokesperson for the General Authority for Searching and Identification of the Missing stated that the number of graves discovered in Tarhuna had reached 80, and that the total number of recovered bodies had exceeded 240, and 65 bodies were identified by DNA testing. The tombs that were discovered are 43 collectively, 37 individually, indicating that the tombs are distributed among three areas inside Tarhuna.

The forcible disappearance of the presidential candidate and businessman, Hassan Tatanki, at the hands of the “deterrence” militias

Armed militias kidnapped a presidential candidate at Maitika International Airport, western Libya, upon his arrival in the country to present his candidacy papers. Tatanaki, who announced his intention to run in the presidential elections, supported the commander of the national army, Marshal Khalifa Haftar, and the militias will transfer businessman Hassan Tatanaki to the office of the Attorney General.

Regarding the latest developments in the spread of the virus in Egypt, Tunisia and Libya

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