Weekly newsletter

The weekly newsletters : from 02 to 8 December

Egypt

The Egyptian initiative criticizes the law "regulating measures to confront epidemics and health pandemics"

The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights commented in a statement on the law “regulating measures to confront epidemics and health regulations” issued recently by Parliament, and which stipulates in its Article 5 a penalty of imprisonment or a financial fine for anyone who “willfully broadcasts, publishes or promotes false news, statements or rumors or maliciousness related to the epidemiological situation, and that would disturb public peace, stir panic among citizens, or harm the public interest.”

The dangerous nature of this step stems from the fact that it gives the official authorities the full and exclusive right to determine the “truth”, and impose the narrative it deems appropriate, so that everything else becomes “a lie,” and even punishes anyone who disagrees with it, and this completely contradicts the basic principles of freedom of expression and opinion, and with the basic pillars of the human rights strategy, and that the state was supposed to come out with a lesson from the Corona pandemic about the importance of transparency and the announcement of detailed information and data in case of health emergencies to gain the confidence of citizens, as the pandemic showed the suffering of the various parties from the lack of Availability and inaccuracy of data.

The official authorities have repeatedly emphasized that official data released on infection rates, for example, do not represent the actual number of injuries, but are merely an indication of the development of the pandemic. This is because these numbers do not include those who have been examined in the various non-governmental sectors, and not everyone who shows symptoms have been tested.

The executive power continues its work without a follow-up, supervision or accountability

The executive power is still working very comfortably without real follow-up from the people or real follow-up and accountability from the legislative power. After the government raised fuel prices thrice during this year, it returned to raise the price of a butane cylinder to reach 70 Egyptian pounds (about 5 dollars) for domestic use and 140 pounds for commercial use, and in order to impose state control over information and impose a single vision and method for analyzing and processing that information at the level of the economy, the Financial Supervisory Authority prepared a legislative amendment to the Capital Market Law to prohibit and criminalize publishing recommendations and advice related to securities listed in the Egyptian Stock Exchange on social media sites, and the government assigned the development of the Tahrir Complex to an American coalition consisting of several companies to exploit the complex for hotel, commercial, administrative and cultural use. As for the Ministry of Interior affairs, after it issued a decision published in the Official Gazette to establish 6 new prisons, it organized a research competition in the field of human rights for Arab police higher-ups.

Abu Trika and homosexuality is unjust or wronged

No one can be deprived of embracing an opinion, thought or belief, but the problem may appear when expressing this opinion in whatever way, at the same time we cannot oblige a person to love or adopt something while it is different from his beliefs, and an individual may have the right to refuse to not defend the rights of sexual minorities or any other minorities, this was the discussion that Abu Trika sparked with his statements last week during Studio analysis of a Premier League match relating to sexual minorities and LGBT people.

Activists are under penalty of renewed detention and the release of Patrick George Zaki and Doma's life is in danger and the report of the Italian Parliament Committee confirms the involvement of National Security officers in the kidnapping and torture of student Giulio Regeni

Activists and symbols of the January revolution are still suffering from the policies of repression, abuse, revenge, and their exploitation as cards to negotiate foreign and international policy issues and thus, they are released for reasons related to the desire of the security services to whitewash the face of the executive authority at the international level, at the same time it is abusing activists such as Ahmed Douma and endangering his life, it is releasing the researcher and human rights activist Patrick George Zaki after spending two years behind bars, following the issuance of the report of the Italian Parliament’s committee tasked with investigating the killing of the Italian student and researcher Giulio Regeni.

Epidemiological situation

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According to the Egyptian Medical Syndicate page

The Ministry of Health announced that the total number that was registered in Egypt with the Corona virus is 364922, including 303,368 cases that have been cured, and 20,821 deaths.

Tunisia

Rights Newsletter

Persons with disabilities: We want a national structure that represents us and strengthen our social protection

The treasurer of the National Organization for the Defense of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, “Ibtihal Zawawi”, confirmed during a press conference for “Andicap International Organization” on the occasion of the International Day of Persons with Disabilities at the Press Syndicate headquarters on thursday, December 2, 2021 that society must consider their disability as a human nature, take into account their conditions and encourage them to work, calling on the government to activate Article 48 of the constitution guarantees the rights of these persons, develops their own legislation, and activates international agreements signed by Tunisia.

“Ibtihal Zawawi” called on the government to create a national structure for persons with disabilities for the professional and economic integration of these persons and to expand the areas of intervention of the employment and training funds for the benefit of this group as well as the importance of compiling statistics for these persons, which is almost missing in Tunisia, despite its importance for setting state policies on persons with disabilities, calling for the need to strengthen social protection for them.

Handicap International

Access to justice for women victims of violence, a new study launched by the Tunisian Association of Democratic Women

A study prepared by the Tunisian Association of Democratic Women entitled “Women Victims of Violence’s Access to Justice: Difficulties and Challenges”, revealed many obstacles and difficulties faced by women victims of violence in accessing justice, revealing “frightening” numbers about the escalation of violence against women in Tunisia.

The Tunisian Association of Democratic Women, in a conference organized on Friday in the capital, presented the results of this study, which ran between January 2019 and October 2021, that is, during the three years following the entry into force of Organic Law No. 58 on the Elimination of Violence against Women.

The study focused on evaluating the difficulties faced by a group of women victims of violence during their prosecution of their aggressors and evaluating the extent of the judicial authorities’ involvement in addressing and combating violence against women through their rulings.

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during the study period (January 2019 / October 2021)

The number of women victims of violence who flocked to the listening and guidance centers of the Tunisian Association of Democratic Women reached 2,718 victims during the study period (January 2019 / October 2021), according to Jalila Zinaidi, a member of the Tunisian Association of Democratic Women.

Jalila Znaidi described this figure as “shocking”, stressing that it is very close to the total number of women victims of violence who reported attacks to the Tunisian Association of Democratic Women between 1992 and 2018, when the recorded attacks during those years amounted to 3,918 attacks.

Al-Zanaidi told Tunisia Africa News Agency that the study raises alarm by revealing “violations” in the application of Organic Law No. 58 related to the elimination of violence of 2017.

“It can be said today that Law 58 has remained a dead letter,” she said, explaining that “a very small percentage” of women victims of violence who have enjoyed fair sentences by the courts.

“We have put in place a comprehensive law, but we have not put in place the necessary mechanisms or sufficient budget for its implementation,” she added, noting that despite the improvement in services provided by specialized units to combat violence against women and children, many women still suffer from frustrating situations on the part of police officers.

For her part, lawyer and member of the Tunisian Association of Democratic Women, ‘Hala Ben Salem’, told Tunisia Africa News Agency that the study showed that Organic Law No. 58 related to the elimination of violence is not uniformly applied between courts, as some judges still adopt the penal code.

She revealed the institutional difficulties faced by women victims of violence who were interrogated in the study, such as the absence of offices or reception and guidance cells for women victims of violence in the courts, and their failure to have the right to automatic legal aid as stipulated in Law No. 58.

Ben Salem criticized what she described as the very slowness in adjudicating cases related to violence against women, as women mainly complain about the slowness of the procedures and the length of the litigation period. She said that “some cases can sometimes take years to settle,” which could seriously undermine women’s right to seek justice.

It is noteworthy that the study relied on a questionnaire addressed to women victims of violence in order to survey their opinions and identify the various difficulties they face while seeking justice. The questionnaire was answered by a random sample of a group of 35 women victims of violence between the ages of 22 and 50 years.

The study also relied on the compilation of 65 judicial rulings by the lawyers of the Tunisian Association of Democratic Women participating in this study related to marital violence and sexual violence, with the aim of identifying the breaches in the application of Organic Law No. 58 related to the elimination of violence against women.

The study included three parts, the first part related to the legal framework regulating the right of women to sue against aggressors, the second part deals with the problems of access to justice by women victims of violence and female lawyers defending their rights before the courts, while the third part deals with the evaluation of the performance of the judiciary in implementing Law No. 58.

Charges of manslaughter against 14 security officers in the case of the death of African lover “Omar al-Obeidi”.

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Referral in a state of release, to the attention of the criminal chamber of the Court of First Instance in Ben Arous.

The accusation chamber of the Court of Appeals in Tunis decided to refer 14 security men in a state of release to the attention of the criminal chamber  Court of First Instance in Ben Arous.

This referral aims to prosecute them, after the death of Club Africain lover Omar Al-Obeidi, who drowned in the Valley of Rades in March 2018.

The indictment charged the security officers referred to the criminal chamber with charges of manslaughter, resulting from negligence, lack of precaution, failure to warn, and failure to save the life of a person in danger.

It is expected that the criminal chamber of the Court of First Instance in Ben Arous will appoint a session during the month of March next, to try the accused about the acts attributed to them.

The Labor Union spokesman, Sami Al-Tahri, considered that the failure to end the period of exceptional measures and proceed to early elections will lead the country to more waste of time and consequently to greater losses and more complexity of the social and economic situation, during the commemoration of the sixty-ninth anniversary of the assassination of national and union leader Farhat Hached in the Kasbah.

Al-Tahri also considered that what he described as the marginalization of organizations, civil society associations and political parties after July 25, 2021 gave the impression that the country is ruled by one person, which would accumulate mistakes, according to his assessment.

The Supreme Judiciary Council: We reject any prejudice to the constitutional structure of the judiciary

In its statement issued on Monday evening, December 06, 2021, the Supreme Judicial Council expressed its refusal to prejudice the constitutional structure of the judiciary through decrees, recalling that the existence of the Council in itself is a basic guarantee of the independence of the judiciary.

The Council also stressed that the reform of the judiciary should take place within the framework of constitutional controls and outside the framework of exceptional measures, stressing its intention to engage in the reform process and fight corruption.

The text of the statement indicated that the meeting of the President of the Republic today, with a delegation from the Council, was an occasion to confirm the independence of the judiciary and to express its willingness to play its full role in accordance with its powers stipulated in the updated law of the Council and in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution as the

Political Newsletter

Al-Taboubi: The opportunity for reform and construction has been lost, and it is time for frankness.

On Saturday, December 4, 2021, in a speech marking the anniversary of the assassination of union leader Farhat Hached, the Secretary-General of the Tunisian General Labor Union, Noureddine Taboubi, considered that every time opportunities for reform and construction in Tunisia are lost, he called for the necessity of everyone’s humility and the implementation of wisdom in order to overcome the delicate situation reached in Tunisia.

Taboubi commented on the absence of a state finance and budget law for the year 2022, saying, “There is neither a budget nor a constitution..the situation is upside down..unfortunately, Tunisia has had an opportunity to build, but every time this opportunity is missed, it must be humility and wisdom, and I hope that many will return to rationalize them before the country reaches an ominous position.”

The Secretary-General of the Tunisian General Labor Union called on the government to be frank with the Tunisian people about the difficult situation, saying, “It is time to be frank, take responsibility and search for solutions together.”

 

He continued, “All governments talk in closed rooms about the complexities and difficulties of the economic situation in the country, but they later market to public opinion that the situation in Tunisia is good, and what is promoting about the difficulties is just a scarecrow.”

He stressed that the people have the right to know the reality of their country and not lie to it, but unfortunately we remained in the same communicative way.

He explained, “All indications warn of an imminent danger due to political failure and the absence of a program to get the country out of the tunnel it is going through. A time limit and practical measures must be set to end external and internal pressure.”

Because of a video on Facebook: the military judiciary summons the political activist and lawyer Imad bin Halima and bans him from traveling

Local media reported that the investigative judge at the Permanent Military Court in Tunis had summoned lawyer and political activist Imad Ben Halima to hear him regarding a video recording he broadcast on Facebook.

The investigative judge also decided to ban Ben Halima from traveling until he appears before him and hears his statements about the aforementioned video recording.

 

Imad bin Halima
For these reasons, Parliament is back
ali larayedh
Leader of the Ennahda movement

The leader of the Ennahda movement, Ali Al-Arayedh, commented during a press conference on Monday, December 6, 2021, on the recent statement of the movement’s president, Rached Ghannouchi, who said that “Parliament will return despite anyone,” saying that the pressures that Tunisia is experiencing at all levels, including the economic ones, will push Towards the resumption of Parliament’s activity.

He added, “We have confidence that Parliament will return, especially given the difficult situation it is experiencing and the widespread rejection of the coup path since July 25, including external positions in addition to most national and internal positions.

He pointed out that the non-return of Parliament may cause Tunisia to suffocate and isolate it externally, which may lead to chaos and internal fighting, stressing that the Ennahda movement calls for dialogue, national settlements and a return to the democratic path.

Arrests in the ranks of the Labor Party activists .. and the accusation of “opposing July 25 and presenting alternative proposals to the crisis”.

The Secretary-General of the Labor Party, Hamma Hammami, confirmed during his appearance on Mosaique FM radio on Monday, December 6, 2021, that those involved in the party were subjected to security restrictions, as a number of them were arrested and taken to the security center in the Mater delegation from Bizerte on charges of distributing leaflets.

Hammami said that “the accusation brought against them, which was recorded in the security report, is “opposing July 25 and presenting alternative proposals for the crisis.”

He continued, “We say to the Minister of Interior and the Director of Security, you were not tired for freedom.. Continue like this and we meet in the street.. I remind you, Abdullah Al-Kallal was in prison. Even if Kais Saied is supporting you, even if it is Caesar. You suppress freedoms today…You will be held accountable… We will be on the street. We will distribute our leaflets and we will communicate with the street. It cost us what it cost us.”

Court of Appeal: The Makhlouf and Al-Saudi case is under the Military Court’s jurisdiction

A short while ago, the Criminal Chamber of the Court of Cassation issued a decision to reject the original appeal filed by the defense team of Saif Makhlouf and Nidal Al-Saudi against the decision of the Indictment Chamber at the Court of Appeal in Tunis, which judges the military judiciary to have jurisdiction over the case related to the storming of Tunis-Carthage International Airport, according to Mosaique FM radio.

Based on this decision, the file will remain before the military judiciary.

Libya

Many political parties believe that the possibility of holding the elections on time has become impossible, especially in the increase in violations that occur before the start of the electoral process, whether at the security level, as confirmed by the Libyan Minister of interior affairs, or at the level of the active actors, and we cannot rule out in this context that the resignation of the UN envoy was based on this trend, as well as the assignment of Ms. Stephenie Williams, who organized the current electoral process, to confirm the possibility of postponing the elections. It is noteworthy to mention that the former UN envoy, “Jan Kubis”, was not committed to the road map nor to the political agreement and he welcomed the new proposals and initiatives in violation of Security Council resolutions, also, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, who sought vigorously for the return of the American Stephanie Williams to implement the road map and amend the path, resorted to the formula of the decision to appoint her as his special advisor for the affairs of Libya and in charge of communicating with the parties to the Libyan crisis.

The Parliament discusses the Electoral Commission and the development of the electoral process

The official spokesperson for the Parliament announced the start of a session at the parliament’s headquarters in the city of Tobruk, headed by the second deputy speaker of the parliament, and in a brief statement on his Facebook page, he explained that the session will be closed, and it will discuss developments in the electoral process and a number of laws on the council’s agenda.

The Presidency of the parliament invited the members of the Council for an official session, to be held next Tuesday, at the Council’s headquarters in the city of Tobruk; to discuss the latest developments in the electoral process. And the representative of theParliament, Fawzi al-Nuwairi, spoke about preparations to hold an upcoming session of Parliament, and the head of the High National Elections Commission, Imad al-Sayeh, said that he will go to Tobruk to discuss developments in the electoral process with the Parliament, and he denied receiving any official invitation from the House of Representatives to attend an accountability session, stressing that the commission is awaiting an official invitation from the parliament to respond to what was stated in the statement issued by a number of deputies regarding the electoral process, and a number of members of the Parliament, criticized the Commission’s management of the electoral process, especially regarding the candidates’ appeals for the presidential elections, demanding that an accountability session be held for the President of the Commission.

The stage of accepting candidates for the House of Representatives elections has ended, and next week the final list of presidential candidates will be announced

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candidates competing for 200 seats

Libya has closed the stage of accepting the files of candidates for membership in the next Parliament, and a member of the Board of Directors of the High Electoral Commission said that the door for candidacy for the parliamentary elections has been closed, as was scheduled according to the schedule of the High Electoral Commission, and that the Electoral Commission will conduct the necessary legal review of the candidates’ files and then announce the preliminary list for running in the upcoming parliamentary elections, and that the Commission did not set a prior date within its executive procedures for announcing the final list of candidates for the presidential elections, and that the date of publication is an option for the Commission, and it will be after the end of the period of judicial and appeals challenges on the preliminary list of candidates for the upcoming presidential elections, and perhaps the final lists of presidential candidates will be announced within the next week as a maximum.

According to the latest statistics announced by the Commission, the number of candidates for the election of the House of Representatives until last Sunday was (4,326) male and female candidates competing for 200 seats, representing the total members of the House, and last week we witnessed a judicial race to challenge and appeal the preliminary list of candidates for the presidential elections, which expelled some of the candidates and returned others, the most prominent candidates returning to the race are the Libyan army commander Khalifa Haftar and the head of the national unity government, Abdel Hamid al-Dabaiba, and Saif al-Islam Muammar Gaddafi.

An armed storming of a number of electoral centers and a video showing the setting of a tent for a sit-in in the courtyard of the High Elections Commission

In the same context, activists on the social networking site Facebook circulated a video clip that was said to be of a group trying to enter the courtyard of the headquarters of the High Elections Commission, to set up a tent for a sit-in inside, and the widely circulated clip showed a group of individuals, who did not appear to be armed, flock to the yard of a building, and one of them says that they are setting up the tent with the help of youngsters, and an armed man stormed five polling stations, robbed voter cards, kidnapped an employee, and continued that a tent was being placed inside the commission until the truth was fulfilled, and until Libya’s demands were fully met. There are no elections without a constitution, and the video could not be verified immediately, and the High Elections Commission did not comment on the circulating recording.

Stephanie Williams returns to the Libyan scene

The Secretary-General of the United Nations, António Guterres, also said that the international community wants the elections in Libya to be part of the solution, and he explained that the United Nations is doing its utmost to facilitate a dialogue that allows the resolution of the remaining issues that could divide Libya, and holding elections in a way that contributes to resolving the crisis, and that everyone is in front of a scene in which there is an electoral law regulating the holding of presidential elections, and 15 days later, parliamentary elections will be held, noting that the election law was approved by the House of Representatives, the Secretary-General of the United Nations also announced the appointment of the American Stephanie Williams as his special adviser on Libya, and the United Nations said in a press statement that Williams will lead the efforts and good offices with stakeholders. Regional and international Libyans to follow up on the implementation of the three Libyan dialogue tracks, political, security and economic, and to support the holding of presidential and parliamentary elections in Libya.

The 5 + 5 Committee calls on Turkey to withdraw its forces, and the Turkish side accepts the request with conditions

A member of the Libyan Military Committee (5+5), Lieutenant-General Faraj Al-Sawa, said that the committee demanded Turkey to withdraw foreign forces and mercenaries from the country, pointing out that Ankara welcomed the request of the military committee on condition that the withdrawal is to be simultaneous by all parties, and that the Military Committee will go to Moscow for the same request, and last October, the Joint Military Committee (5 + 5), during its meeting in Geneva, decided to prepare and approve a plan of action to remove all mercenaries, foreign fighters and foreign forces from Libyan territory gradually.

The National Corruption Commission issues a statement regarding the violations of the High National Elections Commission

The National Anti-Corruption Commission in Libya accused the High National Elections Commission of leaking documents containing the data of presidential election candidates to unofficial parties and she explained through a statement that the commission’s receipt of financial disclosure statements through unapproved forms is against the law, violates the powers, and undermines law enforcement efforts for the electoral process and that no financial disclosure statement is considered except what was submitted to the National Anti-Corruption Commission at its headquarters located in the city of Tripoli, and its branches in the eastern region, the southern region, and the central region, and that it is the only body legally authorized to receive and examine financial disclosure statements, and that the HNEC handing over documents containing personal data of presidential candidates for the year 2021-2022 to unofficial bodies is a disclosure of secrets that the law requires to be preserved, holding the commission fully legally responsible, and that it disclaims responsibility for these legal violations while retaining the right to take all legal measures against those responsible for it.

Starting to consolidate the central bank before the December elections

The Governor of the Central Bank of Libya and his deputy met to agree on a detailed plan to launch the process of unifying the Central Bank, During the meeting, the two parties discussed the stages of consolidation according to the plan proposed by the international professional services company “Deloitte” after the completion of the international financial review process for the Central Bank in July, where it was agreed on the work paths and the technical teams involved in implementing the unification process, and the bank stated in a joint statement that the meeting in which Deloitte participated to provide technical advice and support, concluded with the agreement of the governor and his deputy to actually launch the unification process, confirming their commitment to continue progress to achieve the desired goals of Unification of the Central Bank of Libya, and the International Professional Services Company had proposed a road map to unify the bank again, and in a joint statement, the company and the Central Egyptian confirmed that work paths and technical teams involved in implementing had agreed on the unification process, and this step comes within the framework of efforts to unify Libyan institutions.

Armed persons kidnap an activist and blogger after he posted on corruption suspicions about Dabaiba

Libyan political activist Hamza Triki

A Libyan human rights organization said that a political activist at odds with Prime Minister Abdel Hamid al-Dabaiba was kidnapped by unidentified armed persons, the National Human Rights Committee in Libya stated that the kidnapping of the activist Hamza Al-Triki came after he published posts on his personal Facebook page during the two days, in which he talks about suspicions of corruption for the Prime Minister of the Interim Government, and sources in the committee confirmed that they had obtained their information about the kidnapping of Al-Triki from local security sources, and the family of the Libyan activist had previously reported that they had lost contact with him, noting that he had entered into sharp discussions with members of the Dabaiba family after he published comments on the prime minister’s candidacy, and it is still unknown whether the kidnapping incident was related to al-Triki’s dispute with the Dabaiba family or his supporters.

The National Human Rights Committee called on the Ministry of Interior of the Interim National Unity Government to intervene urgently to release blogger and activist Hamza al-Triki, and the committee also held responsibility for his safety and life, the head of the interim government, Abdul Hamid al-Dabaiba, and condemned and denounced the incident, describing it as a grave violation of human rights, it also called on the Libyan authorities to work seriously to respect freedom of opinion and expression and to guarantee the right to express opinion for all political opinions and orientations, and it is known that Al-Triki, from the city of Misurata, opposes the Brotherhood organization and the statements of Mufti Al-Sadiq Al-Ghariani, and expresses this on his Facebook page, and in recent days, Al-Triki entered into an argument with the relatives of the presidential candidate, Prime Minister Abdel Hamid Dabaiba, on his official page, after he published a video clip criticizing some of Dabaiba’s relatives and accusing him of corruption, and objecting to his candidacy for the presidential elections.

Regarding the latest developments in the spread of the virus in Egypt, Tunisia and Libya

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